Now showing items 1-10 of 20
Enhancing nectar provision in vineyard habitats for the endemic New Zealand butterfly, Lycaena salustius
(New Zealand Ecological Society, 2013)
Nectar is an important factor influencing the level and persistence of butterfly populations, but particular sources of nectar may not be optimal for all species. In a farmland context, it is not always clear whether nectar ...
Food and nutritional security requires adequate protein as well as energy, delivered from whole-year crop production
© 2016 Coles et al.Human food security requires the production of sufficient quantities of both high-quality protein and dietary energy. In a series of case-studies from New Zealand, we show that while production of food ...
Potential ecosystem service delivery by endemic plants in New Zealand vineyards: successes and prospects
Vineyards worldwide occupy over 7 million hectares and are typically virtual monocultures, with high and costly inputs of water and agro-chemicals. Understanding and enhancing ecosystem services can reduce inputs and their ...
The economic impact of failures in plant protection to New Zealand
(PeerJ Preprints, 2013-12-04)
Plant weeds, pests and diseases comprise significant threats to pastoral agriculture in New Zealand. The extent of damage incurred by New Zealand’s agricultural industry from these weed and pest threats varies significantly ...
The nature of wellbeing: How nature’s ecosystem services contribute to the wellbeing of New Zealand and New Zealanders
(Department of Conservation, 2015-03)
What do we need for a ‘good life’? At one level, the answer to this question will differ for each person. Yet at a deeper level, we all share a common set of fundamental needs that must be met for us to experience wellbeing. ...
Weed-insect pollinator networks as bio-indicators of ecological sustainability in agriculture. A review
(Springer Paris, 2016-03)
The intensification of agricultural practices contributes to the decline of many taxa such as insects and wild plants. Weeds are serious competitors for crop production and are thus controlled. Nonetheless, weeds enhance ...
Intensified agriculture favors evolved resistance to biological control
(National Academy of Sciences, 2017-04-11)
Increased regulation of chemical pesticides and rapid evolution of pesticide resistance have increased calls for sustainable pest management. Biological control offers sustainable pest suppression, partly because evolution ...
Farmland, food, and bioenergy crops need not compete for land
(Solutions Journal, 2015-05)
The need to mitigate the effects of climate change has resulted in some governments setting mandates to attain targets for bioenergy production. Recently, there has been concern that the large-scale use of first-generation ...
A perspective on the consequences for insect herbivores and their natural enemies when they share plant resources
(Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2011)
Thousands of insect species consume both animal and plant-derived food resources. However, little recognition is given to the fact that omnivory is a general feeding strategy common to all higher trophic levels. Species ...