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Rural credit constraint and informal rural credit accessibility in China
This paper investigates the effects of rural households' demographic characteristics on formal credit constraint, and explores the relationship between informal and formal lending in rural China. Using 2013 China's Household ...
Export stimuli, export stages and internationalization pathways: The case of Indonesian SMEs
(Universitas Indonesia, 2016-12)
Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) in developing countries are still constrained to seize the opportunity of trade liberalization as compared to their large counterparts. It has been argued that effective efforts ...
Government domestic debt, private sector credit, and crowding out effect in oil-dependent countries
(Hanyang Economic Research Institute, 2017)
Banks are more liquid, better capitalised, and more profitable in oil-dependent countries. However, bank credit to the private sector is relatively low as a percentage of GDP. The low level has been blamed, amongst other ...