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|Title: ||Analysis of oil and gas exploration and discovery in New Zealand - a basis for supply forecasting|
|Author: ||Upasena, J.|
Ward, Bert D.
Cook, R. A.
|Date: ||Apr-1998 |
|Publisher: ||Ministry of Economic Development.|
|Citation: ||Upasena, J., Ward, B. D., Cullen, R. & Cook, R. A. (1998). Analysis of oil and gas exploration and discovery in New Zealand - a basis for supply forecasting. New Zealand Petroleum Conference Proceedings, 30 March - 1 April (p. 387-395).|
|Item Type: ||Conference Contribution - Paper in Published Proceedings|
|Abstract: ||The long term sustainability of oil and natural gas supply in New Zealand will depend upon several factors, in
particular the size and location of commercially exploitable resources, and the success of industry in locating
undiscovered resources. A growing body of geological research supports a good case for the likely occurrence
of oil and gas in several sedimentary basins, and exploration effort (primarily directed at finding oil) has
increased from the very low levels of the early 1990s.
This research analyses the record of exploration and discovery in New Zealand since 1970 to provide answers
to three questions: What is the level of reward obtained from investment in oil exploration? Given the reward
for effort relationship what level of exploration investment will be required to provide reasonable assurance of
new discoveries of a magnitude to maintain New Zealand's current petroleum self sufficiency level? What
factors determine the levels of exploration investment in New Zealand?
A simple recursive modelling approach is used to establish answers to the three questions. Using data for the
period 1970-93, a reward for effort relationship is estimated at 0.92 MMBOE per kilometre drilled. This figure
is remarkably close to the value 0.90 calculated by Cook (1985) using cumulative 1950-85 data. Given current
New Zealand oil and gas reserves, petroleum usage growing at 1.6% per annum, and the calculated reward for
effort relationship, the level of exploration required to maintain New Zealand's current level of petroleum self
sufficiency is estimated at 40 wells per year. At current drilling costs, the exploration programme will require
annual investment between $240 million (onshore) and $800 million (offshore).
Six variables were hypothesised as detenninants of oil and gas exploration effort, and 1970-93 time series data
was used to test these relationships. The cost of drilling, world oil price, and New Zealand petroleum demand
were found to be statistically significant explanations for exploration effort. Government policy appears to be
only weakly related to exploration effort. Variations in oil price, drilling costs, and petroleum demand, are
introduced to determine their possible effects on future exploration effort, and from this some policy
conclusions are drawn.|
|Description: ||Paper presented at the New Zealand Petroleum Conference, 30 March-1 April 1998.|
|Persistent URL (URI): ||http://hdl.handle.net/10182/4755|
|Related URI: ||http://www.nzpam.govt.nz/cms/petroleum/conferences/conference-proceedings-1998/|
|Rights: ||Copyright © The Authors.|
|Appears in Collections:||Department of Accounting, Economics and Finance|
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