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|Title: ||A review of the world sheepmeat market: overview of international trade|
|Author: ||Blyth, N.|
|Date: ||Dec-1981 |
|Publisher: ||Lincoln College. Agricultural and Economics Research Unit.|
|Series/Report no.: ||Discussion paper (Lincoln College (University of Canterbury). Agricultural and Economics Research Unit) ; no. 60 vol. 1|
|Item Type: ||Discussion Paper|
|Abstract: ||The pattern of production, consumption and trade
in sheepmeats has distinct characteristics. Whilst most
countries have a domestic sheep industry, very few are
actively involved in international trade.
The trade has traditionally been dominated by
exports from the southern hemisphere (N.Z., Australia
and Argentina) to the northern hemisphere (mainly the U.K.).
This pattern has changed markedly during the 1970's; the
decade has seen an increase in both volume and value of
trade; an increase in the number of countries involved
in trade (reducing the dominance of the major traders);
and a shift in the composition of trade away from mutton
as a staple food towards high quality lamb, and away from
live sheep to carcass meat trade.
A long term decline in the major market, the U.K.,
has been offset by the steady expansion of markets in
Japan, North America, the U.S.S.R. and other EEC member
states, and the fortuitous and more dramatic appearance
of a large market in the Middle East. At the same time
there has been an increase in regulation of the market
through, for example, Government contracts, controls on
trading companies and the introduction of a common policy
on sheepmeat in the EEC.
The outlook is for a further increase in exports,
mainly from N.Z., Australia and Eastern Europe. The
downward trend in consumption in the traditional lamb-eating
countries is likely to continue, whereas in low consumption
countries the general expansion in demand can be expected
to continue. Increasing self-sufficiency in the former group
(as a result of higher domestic production and falling
total consumption) should be offset by the growing import
demand in the latter group, where consumption growth is
projected to outstrip production.|
|Persistent URL (URI): ||http://hdl.handle.net/10182/611|
|Appears in Collections:||AERU Discussion Paper series|
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