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dc.contributor.authorBarrell, Graham K.en
dc.identifier.citationBarrell, G. K. (2019). An appraisal of methods for measuring welfare of grazing ruminants. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 6(289). doi:10.3389/fvets.2019.00289en
dc.description.abstractAlthough disturbances in body function of animals can be measured to determine whether a state of stress may exist, there is growing interest in finding ways to assess their emotional status as an indicator of good or bad welfare status. Generally it is easier to determine poor states of well-being than positive ones. For grazing ruminants some indicators of well-being include absence of illness, good growth and productivity, and longevity. Motion detectors can provide automated remote monitoring of behavior and it is likely that there will be advances in the interpretation software to increase the utility of this technology for assessing well-being. Cortisol levels in body fluids, feces and pelage are prominent as a marker of poor animal welfare, but like many of the other objective measures that are used, are not wholly reliable at the individual animal level. These other measures include: plasma serotonin, heart rate variation, infra-red thermography, cytokines, salivary alpha amylase, and acute phase proteins. Use of automated facial expression recognition may supplement electrophysiological recording as means to quantify the pain experience of animals. Although the measures described in the literature do not necessarily provide the final answer for determination of welfare in grazing ruminants, they all have some merit and deserve further investigation.en
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaen
dc.relationThe original publication is available from - Frontiers Media -
dc.rights© 2019 Barrellen
dc.subjectanimal welfareen
dc.subjectHPA axisen
dc.subjectassessment of painen
dc.subjectanimal behavioren
dc.titleAn appraisal of methods for measuring welfare of grazing ruminantsen
dc.typeJournal Article
lu.contributor.unitLincoln Universityen
lu.contributor.unitFaculty of Agriculture and Life Sciencesen
lu.contributor.unitDepartment of Agricultural Sciencesen
dc.subject.anzsrc0702 Animal Productionen
dc.subject.anzsrc070207 Humane Animal Treatmenten
dc.subject.anzsrc0707 Veterinary Sciencesen
dc.relation.isPartOfFrontiers in Veterinary Scienceen
pubs.notesArticle 289en
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Agriculture and Life Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Agriculture and Life Sciences/AGSC
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office/QE18

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