Effects of calcium chloride, zinc chloride and water infusion on metmyoglobbin reducing activity and fresh lamb colour
Bekhit, A.; Alayan, Mohammadatta; Morton, James D.; Vanhanen, Leo P.; Sedcole, John R.; Bickerstaffe, Roy
Calcium chloride (CaCl2), zinc chloride (ZnCl2), or water infusions were used to investigate the biochemical factors that affect fresh lamb color, and to examine the role of metmyoglobin-reducing activity in regulating this important quality attribute. Immediately after exsanguination, lamb carcasses (n = 6 per treatment) were infused (10% of BW) with 0.3 M CaCl2, 0.05 M ZnCl2, or water via a catheter inserted into the left carotid artery. The right LM was excised at 24-h postmortem and divided into two halves. The caudal portion was cut into 2.5-cm-thick chops and displayed for 6 d under 1,076 1x of white fluorescent lighting at 2°C, whereas the cranial half was vacuum-packaged and stored at 2°C for 3 wk before retail display. Objective color measurements and samples for biochemical analysis were taken at 0, 1, 3, and 6 d of display. In infused carcasses, pH decline was more rapid (P < 0.05) than in untreated controls, and it was greatest for CaCl2-infused carcasses. Calcium chloride-infused carcasses had lower (P < 0.01) NAD and higher (P < 0.001) NADPH concentrations than water- and ZnCl2-infused or untreated control carcasses. The negative effects of calcium infusion on fresh lamb color, higher (P < 0.01) metmyoglobin accumulation rate, and lower (P < 0.01) L*, a*, and b* color measurements could be explained by the lower amounts of unbound water (P < 0.01), shorter sarcomere length (P < 0.01), lower NAD concentration (P < 0.01), and higher lipid peroxidation (P < 0.01). Zinc and water-infusions produced less (P < 0.01) lipid oxidation and improved the color and color stability of fresh lamb (P < 0.001). Rate of lipid oxidation in LM chops was greater (P < 0.01) after 3 wk of vacuum-packaged storage than 24-h postmortem. Metmyoglobin-reducing activities (sarcoplasmic and myofibrillar) were decreased in response to infusion treatments (P < 0.001), and ZnCl2 infusion resulted in the lowest metmyoglobin-reducing activities (P < 0.001). A significant association between the myofibrillar metmyoglobin-reducing activity and lipid peroxidation was observed, but metmyoglobin-reducing activities were not associated with any improvement in lamb color. Strategies to increase the antioxidant levels in lamb are very important to improve lamb quality, especially during vacuum-packaging storage. ©2005 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordscalcium chloride; color; infusion; lamb; metmyoglobin-reducing activity; Dairy & Animal Science; Sarcomeres; Muscle, Skeletal; Animals; Sheep; Chlorides; Iron; Water; Zinc Compounds; NAD; NADP; Metmyoglobin; Pigmentation; Random Allocation; Oxidation-Reduction; Lipid Peroxidation; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Time Factors; Meat
Copyright © 2005 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.