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Are organic standards sufficient to ensure sustainable agriculture? Lessons from New Zealand's ARGOS and Sustainability Dashboard projects

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Show simple item record Merfield, Charles N. en Moller, H. en Manhire, J. en Rosin, Christopher en Norton, S. en Carey, P. en Hunt, Lesley M. en Reid, J. en Fairweather, John R. en Benge, J. en Le Quellec, I. en Campbell, H. en Lucock, David L. en Saunders, Caroline M. en MacLeod, C. en Barber, A. en McCarthy, A. en 2016-08-12T00:35:50Z 2015-07-14 en 2015-07-14 en 2015-07-10 en
dc.identifier.citation Merfield C, Moller H, Manhire J, Rosin C, Norton S, Carey P, Hunt L, Reid J, Fairweather J, Benge J, Quellec IL, Campbell H, Lucock D, Saunders C, MacLeod C, Barber A, McCarthy A (2015). Are Organic Standards Sufficient to Ensure Sustainable Agriculture? Lessons From New Zealand’s ARGOS and Sustainability Dashboard Projects. Sustainable Agriculture Research, 4(3), 158-172. doi:10.5539/sar.v4n3p158 en
dc.identifier.issn 1927-050X en
dc.description.abstract Our review concludes that organic standards need to account for a broader set of criteria in order to retain claims to ‘sustainability’. Measurements of the ecological, economic and social outcomes from over 96 kiwifruit, sheep/beef and dairy farms in New Zealand between 2004 and 2012 by The Agricultural Research Group on Sustainability (ARGOS) project showed some enhanced ecosystem services from organic agriculture that will assist a “land-sharing” approach for sustainable land management. However, the efficiency of provisioning services is reduced in organic systems and this potentially undermines a “land-sparing” strategy to secure food security and ecosystem services. Other aspects of the farm operation that are not considered in the organic standards sometimes had just as much or even a greater effect on ecosystem services than restriction of chemical inputs and synthetic fertilisers. An organic farming version of the New Zealand Sustainability Dashboard will integrate organic standards and wider agricultural best practice into a broad and multidimensional sustainability assessment framework and package of learning tools. There is huge variation in performance of farms within a given farming system. Therefore improving ecosystem services depends as much on locally tuned learning and adjustments of farm practice on individual farms as on uptake of organic or Integrated Management farming system protocols. en
dc.format.extent 158-172 en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Canadian Center of Science and Education en
dc.relation The original publication is available from - Canadian Center of Science and Education - - en
dc.relation.uri en
dc.rights Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s), with first publication rights granted to the journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license ( en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject ecosystem services en
dc.subject integrated management en
dc.subject organic farming en
dc.subject sustainability indicators en
dc.title Are organic standards sufficient to ensure sustainable agriculture? Lessons from New Zealand's ARGOS and Sustainability Dashboard projects en
dc.type Journal Article
lu.contributor.unit Lincoln University en
lu.contributor.unit Agribusiness and Economics Research Unit en
lu.contributor.unit Applied Management and Computing en
lu.contributor.unit Bio-Protection and Ecology en
lu.contributor.unit Faculty of Environment, Society and Design en
lu.contributor.unit Department of Tourism, Sport and Society en
lu.contributor.unit Research Management Office en
lu.contributor.unit /LU/Research Management Office/2018 PBRF Staff group en
dc.identifier.doi en
dc.subject.anzsrc 070301 Agro-Ecosystem Function and Prediction en
dc.subject.anzsrc 070107 Farming Systems Research en
dc.relation.isPartOf Sustainable Agriculture Research en
pubs.issue 3 en
pubs.organisational-group /LU
pubs.organisational-group /LU/Agribusiness & Economics Research Unit
pubs.organisational-group /LU/AMAC
pubs.organisational-group /LU/BPEC
pubs.organisational-group /LU/Faculty of Environment, Society and Design
pubs.organisational-group /LU/Faculty of Environment, Society and Design/DTSS
pubs.organisational-group /LU/Research Management Office
pubs.organisational-group /LU/Research Management Office/2018 PBRF Staff group
pubs.publication-status Published en
pubs.publisher-url en
pubs.volume 4 en
dc.identifier.eissn 1927-0518 en
dc.rights.licence Attribution en
lu.identifier.orcid 0000-0001-6394-4947

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