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dc.contributor.authorRatna, Nazmun N.en
dc.contributor.authorGrafton, R. Q.en
dc.contributor.authorTo, H.en
dc.identifier.citationRatna, N., Grafton, R.Q., & To, H. (2017). The ‘Paradox of Diversity’: economic evidence from US cities 1980–2010. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies, 4(1), 20–37. doi:10.1002/app5.162en
dc.description.abstractWe evaluate the economic significance of linguistic barriers to communication in 226 US cities from 1980 to 2010. We address the question: to what extent to linguistic across social groups inhibit the benefits of knowledge exchange? The empirical results show that linguistic, racial and composite diversity increase the average income of working age population in American cities. This positive effect of diversity, however, diminishes the higher is the proportion of foreign-born population who lack English fluency. We call this the "paradox of diversity". Overall, our findings provide important policy insights about how social diversity may enhance economic performance within cities.en
dc.format.extent20-37 (18)en
dc.publisherWiley Open Access on behalf of Australian National University and Crawford School of Public Policyen
dc.relationThe original publication is available from - Wiley Open Access on behalf of Australian National University and Crawford School of Public Policy -
dc.rights© 2017 The Authors. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd and Crawford School of Public Policy at The Australian National University. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.en
dc.subjecteconomic performanceen
dc.titleThe "Paradox of Diversity": economic evidence from US cities 1980-2010en
dc.typeJournal Article
lu.contributor.unitLincoln Universityen
lu.contributor.unitFaculty of Agribusiness and Commerceen
lu.contributor.unitDepartment of Global Value Chains and Tradeen
lu.contributor.unitResearch Management Officeen
lu.contributor.unit/LU/Research Management Office/2018 PBRF Staff groupen
dc.subject.anzsrc1402 Applied Economicsen
dc.subject.anzsrc140202 Economic Development and Growthen
dc.relation.isPartOfAsia and the Pacific Policy Studiesen
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Faculty of Agribusiness and Commerce
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Faculty of Agribusiness and Commerce/GVCT
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office/2018 PBRF Staff group

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