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Backpropagation neural ensemble for localizing and recognizing non-standardized Malaysia's car plates

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dc.contributor.author On, C. K. en
dc.contributor.author Yau, T. K. en
dc.contributor.author Alfred, R. en
dc.contributor.author Teo, J. en
dc.contributor.author Anthony, Patricia en
dc.contributor.author Cheng, W. en
dc.date.accessioned 2018-03-12T23:47:49Z
dc.date.issued 2016 en
dc.identifier.citation On et al. (2016). Backpropagation neural ensemble for localizing and recognizing non-standardized Malaysia's car plates. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 6(6), 1112-1119. doi:10.18517/ijaseit.6.6.1488 en
dc.identifier.issn 2088-5334 en
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10182/9157
dc.description.abstract In this paper, we describe a research project that autonomously localizes and recognizes non-standardized Malaysian's car plates using conventional Backpropagation algorithm (BPP) in combination with Ensemble Neural Network (ENN). We compared the results with the results obtained using simple Feed-Forward Neural Network (FFNN). This research aims to solve four main issues; (1) localization of car plates that has the same colour with the vehicle colour, (2) detection and recognition of car plates with varying sizes, (3) detection and recognition of car plates with different font types, and (4) detection and recognition of non-standardized car plates. The non-standardized Malaysian's car plates are different from the normal plate as they contain italic characters, a combination of cursive characters, and different font types. The experimental results show that the combination of backpropagation and ENN can be effectively used to solve these four issues. The combination of BPP and ENN's algorithm achieved a localization rate of 98% and a 97% in recognition rate. On the other hand, the combination of backpropagation and simple FFNN recorded a 96% recognition rate. en
dc.format.extent 1112-1119 en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development en
dc.relation The original publication is available from - INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development - https://doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.6.6.1488 en
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.6.6.1488 en
dc.rights © The Authors en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ en
dc.subject car plate recognition en
dc.subject image processing en
dc.subject ensemble neural network en
dc.subject feed-forward neural network en
dc.subject backpropagation en
dc.title Backpropagation neural ensemble for localizing and recognizing non-standardized Malaysia's car plates en
dc.type Journal Article
lu.contributor.unit Lincoln University en
lu.contributor.unit Faculty of Environment, Society and Design en
lu.contributor.unit Department of Environmental Management en
lu.contributor.unit Research Management Office en
lu.contributor.unit /LU/Research Management Office/2018 PBRF Staff group en
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.18517/ijaseit.6.6.1488 en
dc.subject.anzsrc 10 Technology en
dc.subject.anzsrc 1006 Computer Hardware en
dc.subject.anzsrc 170205 Neurocognitive Patterns and Neural Networks en
dc.subject.anzsrc 080106 Image Processing en
dc.relation.isPartOf International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology en
pubs.issue 6 en
pubs.organisational-group /LU
pubs.organisational-group /LU/Faculty of Environment, Society and Design
pubs.organisational-group /LU/Faculty of Environment, Society and Design/DEM
pubs.organisational-group /LU/Research Management Office
pubs.organisational-group /LU/Research Management Office/2018 PBRF Staff group
pubs.publication-status Published en
pubs.volume 6 en
dc.identifier.eissn 2460-6952 en
dc.rights.licence Attribution-ShareAlike en


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