Mātauraka Māori

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This collection pulls together content included in other Research@Lincoln collections that has a mātauraka Māori focus. You may also be interested in: If you believe any item is missing from this collection, or that any item in this collection should not be included, please contact us.


Recent Submissions

  • PublicationRestricted
    A discourse on the nature of indigenous architecture
    (Springer, 2018-06-26) Matunga, Hirini; Grant, E; Greenop, K; Refiti, AL; Glenn, DJ
    This chapter offers a personal discourse on the nature of indigenous architecture framed as a response to architects Frank Lloyd Wright and Rewi Thompson. It investigates the notion of a ‘different approach’ to architecture grounded in indigeneity, an indigenous ontology, epistemology and ‘being indigenous’. I investigate this ‘different approach’ through a prism that is my interpretation of Maori architectural history—extrapolating from the local to the national then international context to give my take on the concept of indigenous architecture. I use the Maori concept of whakapapa to signify that indigenous architecture—as a people/placed based human endeavour with its own tradition and genealogy has always existed, and continues to produce a coherent corpus of architecture. I do this by positing the notion of indigenous architecture as both design process and outcome, sourced in unique indigenous narratives and archetypes for design. I also posit the idea of an indigenous architectural chronology and typology that challenges some of the universalising assumptions of ‘western’ architecture and spatial design.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Māori cultural values and soil fertility management – An exploratory study
    (New Zealand Grassland Association, 2023) Lucock, Xiaomeng; Moir, James; Ruwhiu, D
    Highlights • There have been limited studies to date specifically relating Māori cultural values to soil fertility management practices on farms. • The deep-rooted connection between Māori people and the land is a critical feature of their land management decisions. • Farms are food baskets for whānau and the wider community, as well as sources of income to provide other services and desired outcomes (e.g., social, cultural, environmental). • Soil fertility maintenance is a high priority for Māori land managers, but there is a fine balance to strike between this, farm cashflow and other responsibilities (e.g., whānau, community, kaitiakitanga). • Current environmental regulations present many complex challenges to Māori farms. • Potential exists in unlocking Māori provenance through seeking business partners who share the same cultural values.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Connecting through research: A collaborative autoethnography of a positive culture in an inter-institutional research group
    (Otago Polytechnic Press, 2023) Olsen, P; Marshall, H; Choukri, M; Elliot, Catherine; Harris, H; Leong, C; Draper, N; Lizamore, C; Hamlin, Michael
    The LUCARA (Lincoln University, University of Canterbury, and Ara Te Pūkenga) group is a thriving research group based in Ōtautahi Christchurch, New Zealand. The group consists of nine academics in sport and exercise science, health, and nutrition at the three tertiary institutions. The majority of the group members had previously been involved in collaborative research for over 10 years. Initially, the relationships during this time were largely transactional, for example, editorial feedback, funding support, data collection, and statistical support. However, in the last two-and-half years, the group has matured, and relationships have deepened with weekly meetings, connections, and partnerships, which has produced a large increase in the number of collaborations between researchers, sharing of resources, and hence increased research outputs. This narrative explores the organic researcher-led growth in the group, and uses the theme of connections to gain an understanding of how this culture has blossomed over a relatively short time in a sport and allied health research setting.
  • PublicationRestricted
    Gallipoli: The Scale of Our War by Puawai Cairns, Michael Keith, Christopher Pugsley, and Richard Taylor
    (University of Auckland, 2023-10) Coleman, Patrick
    For over a hundred years, the Gallipoli Campaign has been part of New Zealand’s public myth and memory. In this public space, the Te Papa-Wētā Workshop exhibition ‘Gallipoli: The Scale of Our War Karipori: Te pakanga nui’ has sought to bring the campaign to life. The exhibition opened in 2015 and is scheduled to finally close on 25 April 2025 – this book seeks to preserve its memory.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Participation, development and tensions in New Zealand donor engagement with non-secular recipients: A case for recognising post-secularity in practice
    (Elsevier BV, 2024-06) Lewthwaite, W; Fisher, David; Rennie, Hamish
    Many authors argue that we live in a post-secular world where religion persists, and where, in public affairs, religious views should have an equal voice with secularity. This article examines participation in international development through that post-secular lens: To what extent do the differing worldviews of the partners affect their relationships when designing and implementing development projects? Fieldwork for the research was conducted mainly through interviews with global donor and practitioner organisations working from New Zealand and with recipients on one project in Bangladesh. We used a typology of three different parties: recipients; secular donor and practitioner organisations; and faith-based donor and practitioner organisations (FBOs). In that triangle of relationships we found the three parties’ beliefs are intensely important to them. But we also found participation tends to be transactional in that the topic of religion is generally avoided, leading to unexplored assumptions and adverse consequences to development of trust between the parties. However, we observed that FBOs and recipients can, through religion, and regardless of what that religion is, have a natural rapport. This is important as less-developed countries are generally profoundly religious. Further, in an extension to some concepts of post-secularity, our research indicated there is value in not just listening but also in debating views in-depth as a pathway to creating common ground. This may be challenging for secular organisations, but facilitators who are accepted by the three parties as understanding and respecting their views could help achieve productive relationships.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Reconnecting to the social: Ontological foundations for a repurposed and rescaled SIA
    (SAGE, 2023-10-24) Howitt, R; Jolly, Dyanna
    Social Impact Assessment’s incorporation into neoliberal management systems did not enhance their capacity to actually respond to social impacts. Efforts to integrate ‘social’ and ‘environmental’ assessments largely assumed that Social Impact Assessment rightfully belonged to key practitioners (professionals, academics, and corporate and government decision-makers). This article advocates rethinking ontological foundations for a different sort of Social Impact Assessment. It starts from an understanding that the social domain is always and inescapably connected across scales from the microbial, through the global to the cosmological. Building from experience working with Indigenous peoples, it recognizes that although ontological separation of social, environmental and other categories of impact assessment may well facilitate project approval, it also renders industrial systems deaf and blind to many of the most pressing risks facing coupled human and natural systems at multiple scales.
  • PublicationRestricted
    Social movements and the environment
    (Auckland University Press, 2022-04-07) Kurian, P; Cretney, Raven; Munshi, D; Morrison, S; McArthur, J; Bargh, M
    Concern for environmental conservation in some form in Aotearoa New Zealand – as elsewhere in the West – can be formally traced back to at least the mid nineteenth century (Young, 2004), although this was preceded by Indigenous values and practices around the use of natural resources (Gunn, 2007; Young, 2004). Legislation to protect forests and wilderness emerged in New Zealand around the 1870s, followed by the Scenery Preservation Act of 1903. This led to the compulsory acquisition of land to create scenic reserves, much of which land was owned by Mori, who were poorly compensated for their loss (Mills, 2009). At the same time, the dominant discourse of settler colonialism revolved around ‘productive’ land use, which saw large-scale deforestation, destruction of biodiversity and the draining of wetlands, and remained largely unquestioned by either the state or a majority of Pkeh society at large (Skilling et al., forthcoming). Thus both ‘conservationism’ and ‘preservationism’ – the forerunners of the modern environmental movement – did little to challenge the large-scale environmental change unfolding across the country, while remaining impervious to Mori rights and concerns.
  • PublicationRestricted
    Influential indigenous voices? Evaluating cultural impact assessment effectiveness in Aotearoa New Zealand
    (Taylor & Francis on behalf of the International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA), 2023) Jolly, Dyanna; Thompson-Fawcett, M
    In Aotearoa New Zealand, Māori have prepared their own impact assessments for three decades. Yet, there has been no evaluation of effectiveness. Asking practitioners and experts to reflect on their experiences with Cultural Impact Assessment (CIA), we addressed the question ‘how far do CIA go to deliver outcomes Māori define as positive’? Interweaving Indigenous lived experiences with Indigenous theory, we undertook a critical analysis of CIA effectiveness. We found that CIA are delivering positive outcomes, but these are highly variable, and fall short of substantial outcomes consistent with the partnership and the dual planning framework envisioned by the Treaty of Waitangi.¹ To be effective, CIA functions best when it is Indigenous-led and – in the wider Aotearoa New Zealand planning and impact assessment framework – also Treaty-led. The Māori experience contributes to the developing international field of Indigenous IA.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Indigenous food sources as vectors of Escherichia coli and antibiotic resistance
    (Elsevier BV, 2023-10-01) van Hamelsveld, S; Kurenbach, B; Paull, DJ; Godsoe, William; Ferguson, GC; Heinemann, JA
    The contamination of surface waters by fecal bacteria, measured by the number of Escherichia coli, is a significant public health issue. When these bacteria are also resistant to antimicrobials, infections are more complicated to treat. While water is regularly tested at recreational sites, wild-harvested foods, known as mahinga kai by the indigenous Māori people of Aotearoa New Zealand, are commonly overlooked as a source of exposure to potential pathogens and antimicrobial resistance (AMR). We investigate two likely sources of risk from harvesting aquatic wild foods. The first is water contact, and the second is contact with/ingestion of the harvest. We used E. coli as a proxy for microbial water quality at harvesting sites. Two popular mahinga kai species were also harvested and assessed. We found antibiotic-resistant bacteria on watercress (Nasturtium officinale) and cockles (Austrovenus stutchburyi). One-third of E. coli isolates were conjugative donors of at least one resistance phenotype. Tank experiments were used to track the internalization of E. coli by Greenshell/lip mussels (Perna canaliculus). Greenshell mussels kept at environmentally relevant concentrations of E. coli were colonized to levels considered unsafe for human consumption in 24 h. Finally, we measured horizontal gene transfer between bacteria within the shellfish, what we termed ‘intra-shellular’ conjugation. The transmission frequency of plasmid RP4 was significantly higher in mussels than in water alone. Our results indicate that shellfish could promote the dissemination of antibiotic resistance. They highlight the need to limit or reduce human pathogenic bacteria where food is gathered.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Designing law and policy for the health and resilience of marine and coastal ecosystems—Lessons from (and for) Aotearoa New Zealand
    (Taylor & Francis, 2023) Macpherson, E; Jorgenson, E; Paul, A; Rennie, Hamish; Fisher, K; Talbot-Jones, J; Hewitt, J; Allison, A; Banwell, J; Parkinson, A
    Ecosystem-based approaches to marine management, which integrate marine law and policy across sectors, communities, and scales, are increasingly advocated for in international policy debates and scholarly literature. We highlight critical and timely opportunities in Aotearoa New Zealand’s evolving legal context to support an ecosystem-based approach across fisheries regulation, biodiversity conservation, environmental effects management, and Indigenous or customary rights. Given the scale of proposed law reform affecting the ocean in Aotearoa New Zealand, there are important global lessons to be elucidated from (and for) the Aotearoa New Zealand experience, revealing the potential for law to center the health of ocean ecosystems and related people in integrated marine decision making.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Climate change impacts on Aotearoa New Zealand: A horizon scan approach
    (Taylor & Francis, 2023-10-19) Macinnis-Ng, C; Ziedins, I; Ajmal, H; Baisden, WT; Hendy, S; McDonald, A; Priestley, R; Salmon, RA; Sharp, EL; Tonkin, JD; Velarde, S; Watene, K; Godsoe, William
    Many of the implications of climate change for Aotearoa (New Zealand) remain unclear. To identify so-far unseen or understudied threats and opportunities related to climate change we applied a horizon-scanning process. First, we collated 171 threats and opportunities across our diverse fields of research. We then scored each item for novelty and potential impact and finally reduced the list to ten threats and ten opportunities through a prioritisation process. Within the 20 items presented in this paper, we uncover a range of climate-related costs and benefits. Unexpected opportunities evolve from economic reorganisation and changes to perspectives. The threats we highlight include the overall failure to interconnect siloed policy responses, as well as those relating to extreme events and feedbacks, as well as pressures that undermine the coherence of society. A major theme of our work is that climate change effects in Aotearoa are likely to transgress the boundaries of research disciplines, industry sectors and policy systems, emphasising the importance of developing transdisciplinary methods and approaches. We use this insight to connect potential responses to climate change with Aotearoa’s culture and geography.
  • PublicationUnknown
    Participatory processes and the evolution of environmental agendas in estuary restoration: The Maketū case
    (Taylor & Francis on behalf of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 2022) Barrett, P; Kurian, P; Cretney, Raven; Blackett, P; Le Heron, E; Le Heron, R
    The article analyses participatory processes in estuary restoration in Maketū on the East Coast of the North Island to examine how evolving relational dynamics amongst key stakeholders and Māori led to the achievement of a collective environmental imaginary. The case, marked by a history of conflict over the diversion of the Kaituna River and resulting estuary degradation, led to a focussed period of community engagement between 2006 and 2009 which established a collective intention to restore the ecological health of the estuary. Ongoing community engagement has been a feature of restoration project design and implementation. In examining this case, we draw on the concept of imaginaries, referring to shared visions of desirable futures, to explore how ‘imaginaries of process’ and ‘imaginaries of outcome’ played out among a heterogeneous set of stakeholders and Indigenous actors. We undertake a discourse analysis of relevant documents and of interviews and focus groups with 25 participants to demonstrate how inclusive participatory processes were used as a technique to resolve estuary degradation, address historical grievance between Māori, the community and local authorities, and reset the governance and management relationships between these actors.
  • PublicationUnknown
    Re-imagining relationships with space, place, and property: The story of mainstreaming managed retreats in Aotearoa-New Zealand
    (Taylor & Francis, 2022) Hanna, C; Cretney, Raven; White, I
    As a nation rapidly progressing managed retreat legislation, we take a historical perspective to identify how the imaginary of retreat evolved in Aotearoa-New Zealand to become mainstream. Tracing the history along a layered reactive-passive-proactive timeline, we reveal how policy experiments and technical advocacy coalitions have advanced different imaginaries of retreat, creating new political spaces for change. We identify the importance of understanding retreat as less of a “policy” and more an attempt to unmake and remake space that has implications for justice and the permanence of land-use and property in an era of dynamic risks.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    (Cambridge University Press on behalf of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2023) Lawrence, J; Mackey, B; Chiew, F; Costello, MJ; Hennessey, K; Lansbury, N; Nidumolu, UB; Pecl, G; Rickards, L; Tapper, N; Woodward, A; Wreford, Anita; Alexandra, J; Ausseil, A-G; Awatere, S; Bardsley, D; Bell, R; Blackett, P; Boulter, S; Collins, D; Cradock-Henry, N; Creamer, S; Darbyshire, R; Dean, S; Di Luca, A; Dowdy, A; Fountain, Joanna; Grose, M; Hajkowicz, S; Hall, D; Harris, S; Hayman, P; Hodgkinson, J; Hussey, K; Jones, R; King, D; Linnenluecke, M; Livengood, E; Livingston, M; Macinnis-Ng, C; McFadgen, B; McMichael, C; Milfont, T; Moggridge, B; Monks, A; Morrison, S; Mosby, V; Onyango, E; Paddam, S; Pearce, G; Pearce, P; Ranasinghe, R; Schoeman, D; Tomlinson, R; Walker, S; Watt, M; Westra, S; Wise, R; Zammit, C; Pörtner, H-O; Roberts, DC; Tignor, M; Poloczanska, ES; Mintenbeck, K; Alegría, A; Craig, M; Langsdorf, S; Löschke, S; Möller, V; Okem, A; Rama, B; Hoegh-Guldberg, O; Wratt, D
    Observed changes and impacts Ongoing climate trends have exacerbated many extreme events (very high confidence). The Australian trends include further warming and sea level rise sea level rise (SLR), with more hot days and heatwaves, less snow, more rainfall in the north, less April–October rainfall in the southwest and southeast and more extreme fire weather days in the south and east. The New Zealand trends include further warming and sea level rise (SLR), more hot days and heatwaves, less snow, more rainfall in the south, less rainfall in the north and more extreme fire weather in the east. There have been fewer tropical cyclones and cold days in the region. Extreme events include Australia’s hottest and driest year in 2019 with a record-breaking number of days over 39°C, New Zealand’s hottest year in 2016, three widespread marine heatwaves during 2016–2020, Category 4 Cyclone Debbie in 2017, seven major hailstorms over eastern Australia and two over New Zealand from 2014–2020, three major floods in eastern Australia and three over New Zealand during 2019–2021 and major fires in southern and eastern Australia during 2019–2020.
  • PublicationUnknown
    Shifting discourses of nature in participatory processes for environmental management
    (Taylor & Francis on behalf of The University of Hong Kong, 2022) Barrett, P; Cretney, Raven; Kurian, P; Simmonds, N
    The increasing use of participatory processes in environmental governance and management has implications for the way different conceptualisations of nature and the environment are recognised within environmental decision-making. This article draws on a case study of the Ōngātoro Maketū estuary restoration initiative in Aotearoa, New Zealand, to examine how shifting discourses of nature and the environment intersect with the exercise of power to influence decision-making on the estuary. The study is based on a qualitative analysis of an archive of historical policy and planning documents, and 25 in-depth interviews with participants involved in the restoration initiative. The analysis demonstrates that despite a participatory process that often reinforced the dominant cultural paradigm and power relations, it created the space for different knowledge forms including western science and Māori knowledge to help improve the quality of decisions. We argue that well-designed participatory processes have much potential to address the growing complexity and uncertainty underpinning environmental governance and management.
  • PublicationUnknown
    Explaining reflexive governance through discursive institutionalism: Estuarine restoration in Aotearoa New Zealand
    (Taylor & Francis, 2021) Barrett, P; Kurian, P; Simmonds, N; Cretney, Raven
    The paper examines an instance of reflexive governance in environmental policy and planning and explains its emergence through a discursive institutional lens. Discursive institutionalist frameworks draw attention to the articulation and institutionalisation of new ideas and the way they produce the objects of governance, powerfully influencing the conceptualisation of problems and solutions, determining who is involved in governance processes and the nature of their interactions, and environmental policy outcomes. We draw on the notion of a discursive institutionalist spiral as a way of understanding the nearly 40-year evolving relationship between ideas, discourses and institutions that have shaped the planning context in an estuary restoration initiative on the east coast of the North Island, New Zealand. The case is based on the analysis of an archive of historical policy, planning and technical documents, and 25 in-depth interviews with participants representing different groups involved in a current restoration initiative. We suggest that the case represents a new degree of reflexivity by the responsible governing authority, that this can be explained by reference to the historical dynamic of discursive and institutional change, and that it indicates the benefits of the interactive and participatory formulation of goals and strategies in environmental governance and management.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Te Whare Whakakotahi : Nuturing human potential with Aroha: A thesis submitted to partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Resources Studies at Te Whare Wānaka o Aoraki Lincoln University
    (Lincoln University, 2002) Bishara, Isaac James
    Māori experience of service delivery, education programme development and resource allocation at Te Whare Wānaka o Aoraki/Lincoln University vary in degree across a continuum of negative to positive. The social milieu of dynamic tertiary institutional environments, local, national and global forces impacting how those institutions determine their delivery of service and prevalent Aotearoa/New Zealand issues regarding Māori access, retention and academic success in tertiary education shape the relationships and degree of authentic participation in tertiary activity for Māori students. Māori students of Te Whare Wānaka o Aoraki/Lincoln University have personal and collective choices to make in relation to their academic responsibilities/ response-abilities in context to these forces and impacts. The discourse of Māori access to participatory democracy as it relates to Te Whare Wānaka o Aoraki/Lincoln University binds takata whenua of this area to that institution. Māori student access to that discursive process remains marginal. Despite that discrepancy precedence for holistic community beyond the rhetoric of discourse abounds as example throughout the coevolutionary history /herstory of the whānau of Te Whare Whakakotahi and Te Whare Wānaka o Aoraki/Lincoln University over the last decade. The rhetoric of participatory democracy is transcended through the autonomous expression of tikaka Māori manifested in proactive processes of whakawhanaukataka via the conduit of Aroha ki te takata. Though issues of marginalisation, hegemony and dis-empowerment still impact Māori student welfare here at Te Whare Wānaka o Aoraki/Lincoln University, their commitment to practicing living the living practice of Tikaka Māori specific to their needs serves to inculcate and perpetuate self autonomous values that do not require the justification and affirmation of external forces. The result of this has been the continued support and perpetuation of community wide positivity experienced by people of multiple cultures, throughout the decade, nurturing trans-cultural relationships the implicit outcome of practicing tikaka Māori Illustrating the we-dentity potential of whānau as being able to encompass local, national and international dimensions highlights great opportunity for an integrated united community inclusive of takata whenua, academic staff, and students of diverse origins sharing dynamic personal gifts and abilities that have the potential to affect positive outcomes for authentic community beyond rhetoric. Though the whānau of Te Whare Whakakotahi have been successfully manifesting this potential over the last decade this vision is yet to be realised to its utmost degree by the stakeholders of Te Whare Wānaka o Aoraki/Lincoln University. Te Awhioraki has shown the way, the challenge remains for Te Whare Wānaka o Aoraki/Lincoln University to participate authentically in the future of Māori student and wider community evolution in the next millennium. How will you respond?
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Landscape Review: Māori landscapes
    (School of Landscape Architecture, Lincoln University | Te Whare Wānaka o Aoraki, 2022-12) Bowring, Jacqueline; Toueir, Nada; Tremewan, T
    This special issue of Landscape Review is a significant one in its focus on Māori landscapes, from a range of perspectives and through different lenses. Thinking of Māori landscapes brings reflection on place, identity and what it means to be here in Aotearoa New Zealand. And it also is a time for farewells and welcomes, as well as a pause for remembering ngā mate, those we have lost.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Stories from the land: Revealing plural narratives within one landscape
    (School of Landscape Architecture, Lincoln University, Canterbury, 2022-12-12) Davis, Shannon
    Landscape narrative theory initiates new ways of understanding landscape. This paper explores the concept of landscape narrative within a case study site rich in the cultural history of Aotearoa New Zealand: Maungakiekie | One Tree Hill and Cornwall Park, in Tāmaki Makaurau Auckland. It discusses the complexity of narrative representation within historically significant public spaces and considers the research question first asked by Potteiger and Purinton (1998a) in Landscape Narratives: Design Practices for Telling Stories: ‘how can pluralistic landscape narratives be revealed within shared public landscapes, responding to multiple histories, and relating to a diverse contemporary culture?’ This paper concludes by proposing an ‘open’ narrative approach to revealing historical landscapes, as a method to elicit plural ‘readings’ that traverse conventional boundaries of governance, time and ‘official’ interpretation. In so doing, the approach promotes greater connection, across time, with people and place.
  • PublicationRestricted
    An aquaculture feasibility study for Ngai Tuahuriri: Presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Resource Management
    (Lincoln University, 1991) Came, Sharron; Cowan, Cameron; Gravatt, Adrienne; Lambert, Ray; Morgan, Kate; Napp, Greg; Ryan, Stuart; Visser, Andre; Waterhouse, Emma; Welsh, Craig; White, James; Woudberg, Lesley
    This report assesses the feasibility of a sustainable aquaculture development for the Ngai Tuahuriri of Tuahiwi. The report focuses on a site situated 2-4 kilometres north of the Ashley River/Saltwater Creek Estuary mouth, in Pegasus Bay, Canterbury. Background to the social, physical, ecological and legal characteristics of any proposed development are detailed along with an account of aquaculture in New Zealand. Species thought to have an aquaculture potential are evaluated within a framework incorporating available information and a risk assessment procedure. Evaluation of the species with potential for aquaculture indicates that none are suitable for the Ashworth Ponds site. The report also provides information and contact sources relevant to aquaculture options at other sites in Canterbury. Finally sustainable harvesting of tuatua/surf clams from the subtidal and intertidal zones is comprehensively dealt with in a management strategy. This provides an alternative to aquaculture for Ngai Tuahuriri at the Ashworth Ponds site.