Department of Land Management and Systems

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  • PublicationOpen Access
    Eating macro-algae (seaweed): Understanding factors driving New Zealand consumers’ willingness to eat and their perceived trust towards country of origin
    (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2024-05) Rombach, Meike; Dean, David
    Macro-algae is an umbrella term for seaweed, which is an important ingredient in many novel food products in New Zealand and other Australasian countries. While attitudes, consumption motivation, knowledge, and socio-demographic consumer profiles have been investigated in specific countries in the region, consumer behavior such as willingness to eat and factors driving this behavior have not yet been explored. Therefore, the present study fills this research gap in a New Zealand context and explores predictors of New Zealand consumers’ willingness to eat macro-algae and their perceived trust towards the countries of origin of these products. The symbolic value of food, health importance, food safety concerns, and food fussiness were the factors under investigation. The work builds on an online questionnaire and a sample of 437 consumers mirroring the New Zealand population in terms of gender, age, and annual household income. Data were collected through an opt-in panel provider in November 2023. The data analysis consisted of descriptive statistics and partial least square structural equation modeling. Results show that health importance and food fussiness tendencies are the strongest predictors of willingness to eat and trustworthiness of the two countries of origin. Best practice recommendations for marketing managers in New Zealand food retail are provided.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Leave the milk for the calf and spread the word: Exploring factors determining US consumers’ willingness to try plant-based milk alternatives and their word-of-mouth sharing about plant-based milk alternatives
    (MDPI, 2024-06) Rombach, Meike; Cong, Lei; Dean, David
    Plant-based milk alternatives are important beverages in US consumer markets. Sustainability, consumer awareness, lifestyle changes, and other value-based reasons are why these beverages are increasing in popularity. The present study is focused on plant-based milk alternatives. It builds on an online consumer survey that explores the factors explaining US consumers’ willingness to try plant-based milk alternatives and their word-of-mouth sharing about these beverages. Animal welfare concerns, environmental concerns, health consciousness, and dairy preferences are the factors under investigation. Results show that animal welfare, dairy preference, environmental concerns, and plant-based milk enthusiasm are significant predictors for willingness to try plant-based milk alternatives. Dairy preferences, environmental concerns, and plant-based milk enthusiasm predict the word-of-mouth factors. Overall, plant-based milk enthusiasm is the strongest driver for both consumer behaviours. Best practice recommendations address marketers in the US food and beverage industry and provide suggestions on how to target different consumer groups based on nutritional preferences and needs and on value-based product characteristics.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    The reverse mortgage market in New Zealand: Key drivers of loan determination
    (Taylor & Francis, 2024-03-29) Hutchison, N; MacGregor, B; Ngo, T; Squires, Graham; Webber, DJ
    This paper examines the drivers of loan principals in the reverse mortgage and equity release market in New Zealand using a hedonic price model (HPM) approach. Our analysis using reverse mortgages data between 2004–2021, sourced from one major reverse mortgage bank, provides four key findings. First, the term of payment for repaid reverse mortgages is positively associated with loan principals, implying that longer repayment terms allow applicants who were able to repay mortgages to borrow more. Second, there is partial evidence to suggest the presence of a positive linear impact of the value of the current property on its loan principal, in line with previous house price modelling studies. Third, older applicants (age 75+) borrow less than younger applicants, which may be due to their repaying ability. Fourth, we confirm a positive effect of interest rates on reverse mortgage amounts but reject the positive association between wider loan-to-value policy restrictions and equity release lending amounts. The results broadly highlight that the house price is more relevant than any individual characteristic of a property in determining loan principals, and that all drivers are relevant in the early stage of the development of the reverse mortgages market in New Zealand.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Land banking, land price and Ghana's informal land markets: A relational complexity approach
    (Elsevier, 2024-06) Sasu, A; Javed, A; Imran, M; Squires, Graham
    Land banking practices have received little attention on how such practices shape informal land markets in developing countries. Drawing on a relational complexity framework, this study explores the land banking experience in Ghana's informal land markets. This research conducted semi-structured interviews with over thirty participants from four communities within the Ghanaian informal land market. The analysis revealed that developers are banking large tracts of land as capital investments through land dispositions. The absence of development on these banked lands has created a situation where developers are gradually influencing land prices. The analysis also shows that developers have created complex ongoing relationships with customary land managers. This coalition relationship has shaped land prices through the displacement of state-mediated statutory powers for land exchanges. The study recommends revisiting of stakeholder discussions on the enforcement and monitoring of the processes required under the Ghanaian Lands Commission guidelines for large-scale land transactions.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Finding nori—Understanding key factors driving US consumers’ commitment for sea-vegetable products
    (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2024-03-01) Rombach, Meike; Botero, J; Dean, David
    The trend toward sustainable and healthy food consumption has stimulated widespread debate. US consumers demand healthy and sustainable food options and are increasingly interested in alternative proteins such as macro-algae, also known as sea-vegetables. The present study is built on the responses of an online survey aiming to explore US consumers’ commitment towards varying sea-vegetable-based products. Affordability, sustainability, taste, environmental friendliness, and health benefits, as well as product novelty and versatility, were the factors under investigation. All factors were found to be equally strong predictors for sea-vegetable product commitment. Best-practice recommendations for US food marketers and agricultural producers are also provided.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    The role of the state in encouraging the supply of senior housing: Housing-with-care and retirement villages in Scotland and New Zealand
    (2023-01-15) Fyfe, A; Hutchison, N; Squires, Graham
    The inexorable increase in the demand for senior housing across all countries is well recognised with attention focusing on supply side responses. Adopting a welfare perspective, this paper considers whether leaving the supply of housing-with-care to the market alone will achieve optimal societal outcomes or lead to the under provision of senior housing. The level of state intervention in senior housing markets is considered employing a comparative approach of the experience in Scotland and New Zealand. State interventions were analysed in the areas of planning, property law and social care integration. The evidence would suggest that the market in New Zealand is more regulated than is the case in Scotland, thus enabling developers and investors to operate and invest with greater confidence, resulting in higher levels of supply. Given the current shortfall in appropriate age-related accommodation in Scotland this leads to the conclusion that the Scottish government needs to intervene more proactively in the market to stimulate and direct construction activity if a senior housing crisis is to be avoided.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    House prices, airport location proximity, and air traffic volume: Plus some Covid-19 effects
    (2023-01-15) Ngo, T; McCord, M; Squires, Graham; Lo, D
    Although house prices and airports are influenced by distinct factors that shape their evolutions, they are also intrinsically connected through the natural and built environment. Standard theory suggests that air-traffic noise and proximity to key economic hubs such as airports are of prime importance to house prices and the housing market. This study contributes to understanding the link between the housing market, airport location proximity, and air traffic. The research investigates this association across four key urban areas within New Zealand with an international airport - Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, and Queenstown. Applying GLS regression analysis reveals that house prices, air-traffic activity, and proximity to airports within New Zealand demonstrate a statistically significant spatial effect. Moreover, we demonstrate that more air traffic helps increase house prices, which is consistent with the literature. Findings also show a U-shape relationship between distance to the airport and house prices, suggesting that airport noise and other externalities can adversely affect the housing market. Furthermore, the new Zealand housing market experienced a significant price increase during the Covid-19 pandemic, whilst the airport volume decreased during an extensive lockdown period and longer-term halting of international arrivals.
  • PublicationEmbargo
    Rural contractor staffing – Challenges and solutions
    (New Zealand Institute of Primary Industry Management, 2023-12) Smith, Daniel
    Contribution to GDP and communities. There are over 7,000 rural contracting companies in New Zealand providing a range of services, including cultivation, harvesting, forage-making, shearing, fencing, ditch cleaning, hedge trimming, and fertiliser and chemical application, and as such are an important part of the rural economy. Not only do they contribute nearly as much to GDP as the forestry industry, but their contribution is also growing by around 6% per year. Rural contractors make a significant contribution to the entire agriculture industry, as they are usually more efficient than the farmer at what they do. This greater efficiency varies based on business, service type, region and farm types., Efficiency is driven by specialised equipment and skill sets, economies of scale, highly trained staff, advanced knowledge, use of the latest technology and operational excellence. Of these, operational excellence is the most prominent characteristic of these businesses.
  • PublicationRestricted
    Alternative workplace solutions for university academic staff : A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the degree of Master of Property Studies at Lincoln University
    (Lincoln University, 2001) Randrup, C. R. C.
    Work roles and patterns are changing dramatically. Australian and New Zealand university academic staff have had their workload and the hours worked in an average working week increased. The nature of their work has radically changed to incorporate greater time on administration and less on research and teaching. Where and how academic staff work is now under review. The office workplace has evolved as tertiary organisations are looking at ways to improve their competitiveness, productivity and to accommodate within building resources the new direction of education delivery. In the 1960's office landscapes experienced new directions with the introduction of the burolandschaft or open office plan design. The office continues to undergo change, with current and emerging trends in technology enabling the development of the non-traditional approach to office space such as the concept of Alternative Workplace Strategies. These strategies provide for a variety of transient work patterns, undertaken at a variety of locations and venues. This research examines recent workplace strategies in tertiary organisations by investigating as a case study, Auckland University of Technology. It also endeavours to understand the changing working environment of academic staff and to ascertain the best-suited workplace approach or approaches. A questionnaire was prepared, circulated to two thirds of AUT academic staff and analysed. The research concludes that AUT academic staff should now be working in a variety of work settings, preferably a blend of the cell and club office arrangement. This approach provides the flexibility in workplace management withou~ causing major changes to the culture and organisational management processes of AUT.
  • PublicationRestricted
    Locked-out: generational inequalities of housing tenure and housing type
    (Emerald Publishing Limited, 2022-07-12) Lowies, B; Squires, Graham; Rossini, P; McGreal, S
    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to first explore whether Australia and the main metropolitan areas demonstrate significant differences in tenure and property type between generational groups. Second, whether the millennial generation is more likely to rent rather than own. Third, if such variation in tenure and property type by millennials is one of individual choice and lifestyle or the impact of housing market inefficiencies. Design/methodology/approach: This paper employs a comparative research approach using secondary data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) to consider housing tenure and type distributions across generations as well as through cross-city analysis. Findings: The results show that home ownership is still the dominant tenure in Australia, but private rental is of increasing significance, becoming the tenure of choice for Millennials. Owner occupation is shown to remain and high and stable levels for older generations and while lower in percentage terms for Generation X; this generation exhibits the highest growth rate for ownership. Significant differences are shown in tenure patterns across Australia. Originality/value: The significance of this paper is the focus on the analysis of generational differences in housing tenure and type, initially for Australia and subsequently by major metropolitan areas over three inter-census periods (2006, 2011 and 2016). It enhances the understanding of how policies favouring ageing in place can contradict other policies on housing affordability with specific impact on Millennials as different generations are respectively unequally locked-out and locked-in to housing wealth.
  • PublicationRestricted
    A review of forests and production forest management in New Zealand: A report submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Applied Science in the University of Canterbury
    (Lincoln College, 1981) Novis, J. B.
    This review was prepared while gathering data for a Master of Applied Science thesis concerning the Energy Requirements of ExoticProduction Forestry. In addition to providing background information for this thesis, a further objective of the report was to serve as an introduction for students of the Joint Centre for Enviromnental Sciences, Lincoln College, to forestry and production forest management in New Zealand. A brief outline of the impact of man on the natural forest environment, his gradual development of a forest policy and evolvement of an exotic forest estate, is followed by a review of production forest management practices, The report concludes with a discussion on the management for timber production of New Zealand is merchantable indigenous forests. The review is based on a literature survey which encorporated FRI symposiums, FRI branch reports, articles from the N.Z. Journal of Forestry, LIRA reports and numerous. relevant publications available in the libraries of the University of Canterbury, In addition, a considerable quantity of information was forwarded by well informed individuals actively engaged in forest management.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Droning on.......An investigation of New Zealand's environmental compliance regulatory processes via the ‘eye in the sky’
    (NZARES, 2022) Westbrooke, Victoria; Lucock, Xiaomeng; Greenhalgh, I
    With the implementation of the Essential Freshwater policies that commenced in 2021, a greater understanding of the environmental compliance regulatory processes with New Zealand would be of benefit for all parties involved. As the majority of farms are required to have Freshwater Farm Plans, regional councils will need to explore efficient processes which could include drone use. This qualitative study revealed the importance of the environmental compliance officer-farmer relationship, as well as ways to enhance and challenges to the relationship. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 respondents from five Regional Councils and one from Central Government, exploring their view on incorporating drone use in the compliance processes. Qualitative data was thematically analysed. Respondents reported that a positive relationship between environmental compliance officers and farmers was important. A positive relationship encouraged farmers to approach compliance officers for assistance with on-farm environmental management and hence enhanced compliance. Questions were raised as to whether it was appropriate for compliance officers to have a positive relationship with farmers, as impartiality may be compromised. Nevertheless, trust is required if drones are to be used to achieve greater efficiency in the processes. Ways to enhance this professional relationship included compliance officers spending time in a region and also spending time with individual farmers. It is beneficial for the compliance officers to have farm management experience and/or skills and knowledge that farmers considered useful. Challenges to building a positive relationship were compliance officers spending a short time in a region and needing to balance time spent between building trust and actual compliance tasks required. The research concludes that trust is essential if technologies such as drones are to be used to achieve greater efficiency in environmental compliance processes.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Labs, field trips and tours during ERT: Insights from a New Zealand specialist land-based university
    (ASCILITE Publications, 2023-11-28) Rosin, V; Westbrooke, Victoria; Lucock, Xiaomeng; Bailey, Alison; Cochrane, T; Narayan, V; Brown, C; MacCallum, K; Bone, E; Deneen, C; Vanderburg, R; Hurren, B
    Student and lecturer insights gained on the pedagogical practices used during Emergency Remote Teaching (ERT) for laboratory, field trip and tour practices, should be used to inform and improve in-person and online higher education programs for the traditionally practical-based courses of agriculture, horticulture and food. Qualitative lecturer focus group data was thematically analyzed and used to develop the online student survey. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected in mid-2021 from the online survey of students. Survey qualitative data was thematically analysed and used to validate and expand on the quantitative data descriptive statistics. Findings revealed that agricultural classes with practical components can be transitioned to deliver some material online to provide additional benefits that enhance the practical components, adds to existing material, and provides benefits in the understanding of that material for students. To transition these components well requires time, funding and online pedagogy professional development to be successful.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Kelp wanted?! Understanding the drivers of US consumers’ willingness to buy and their willingness to pay a price premium for sea vegetables
    (MDPI, 2023-12) Rombach, Meike; Botero Robayo, J; Dean, David
    Lifestyle changes towards sustainable and healthy diets have given rise to superfoods. Sea vegetables, which are otherwise known as edible seaweeds fall in the category of superfoods and are perceived as sustainable and ethical food options. The present study is dedicated to US consumers’ willingness to buy and their willingness to pay a price premium for sea vegetables, providing insights and best-practice recommendations for marketing managers in the US food retail and gastronomy. An online consumer survey was distributed to explore predictors explaining willingness to buy and pay a price premium. Food engagement, food attributes, consumer knowledge, and health importance were the investigated predictors covered in the survey. Descriptive statistics and partial least square structural equation modelling were used to analyze the data. Food engagement and sea vegetable intrinsic and extrinsic attributes were identified as the strongest predictors for both willingness to buy and to pay a price premium. In contrast, health importance only influenced willingness to buy, and consumer knowledge only influenced willingness to pay a price premium. By focusing on the forms of consumer behavior with high commitment and exploring and validating the factors driving these consumers’ behaviors, the study fills an important research gap.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Policy approaches for enhanced dairy sector innovation – A review of future pathways and policies for effective implementation of digital agriculture
    (Taylor & Francis Group, 2023) Eastwood, CR; Knook, Jorie; Turner, JA; Renwick, Alan
    Innovation and technology are a feature of New Zealand’s dairy sector. To overcome current challenges, dairy farmers require agile and multi-dimensional innovation, supported by forward-looking and integrated policy from both the sector and government. In this paper, we outline some of the current dairy sector challenges, and potential technologies to address these challenges. We focus on the future for digital agriculture innovation and discuss policy approaches to enable the sector to leverage digitalisation. These approaches include co-innovation, responsible innovation, multi-scale approaches, micro-innovation and poly-innovation and mission-oriented innovation. Digital agriculture and policy may interact in two ways: (1) policy may be used to enhance digital agriculture innovation and, (2) digitalisation itself may act to enhance agricultural policy design and delivery. Overall, innovation policy requires greater directionality, use of policy bundles and a focus on technology as a mediator of new dairy farming practices and institutional configurations.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Should I go back to the roots to obtain my food? Understanding key factors driving U.S. consumers’ preferences for food foraging over buying and growing food
    (MDPI, 2023-10) Rombach, Meike; Botero Robayo, J; Dean, David
    Alternative forms of food procurement have increased in consumer popularity since the occurrence of food price inflation and the ongoing recession in the U.S. The present study explores predictors such as food engagement, food-related COVID-19 concerns, and the importance of sustainable foraging practices as determinants for U.S. consumers’ preferences for food foraging. Two scenarios are investigated, the preference for food foraging over growing food and food foraging over regular food buying. The study is based on an online consumer survey (n = 401) and used partial least square structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) for the data analysis. Results indicate that food engagement is the strongest predictor for both foraging over buying and foraging over growing scenarios. However, food-related COVID-19 concern appears to only be relevant for the foraging over buying scenario and the importance of sustainable growing practices is only relevant for the foraging over growing scenario. These findings are important because they indicate the attitudinal triggers of food foraging and are therefore of relevance to foraging communities and managers in municipalities, food retail, and horticultural businesses who are associated with traditional and alternative forms of food procurement.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Wellbeing, environmental sustainability, and profitability: Including plurality of logics in participatory extension programmes for enhanced farmer resilience
    (Wiley on behalf of European Society for Rural Sociology, 2023-02) Knook, Jorie; Eastwood, C; Mitchelmore, K; Barker, A
    Environmental sustainability and economic challenges are requiring significant change in the agricultural sector, and this is driving an increased focus on farmer and farm business resilience. Participatory extension programmes (PEPs) are a well-known approach for supporting farmer change. The objective of this article is to explore how a PEP based on peer-to-peer learning can support farmers in increasing resilience. Our study examines the interaction of wellbeing, environmental change and profitability through the applications of an institutional logics evaluation framework. We interviewed 24 participants in a PEP based in Northland, New Zealand. Findings show that PEPs can provide a safe space to discuss wellbeing challenges and link farmers with networks to support them on their wellbeing journey. We found that farmer wellbeing is intrinsically linked to other pressures that farmers face around profitability and sustainability, and therefore PEPs need to balance these three pillars. This article adds to the current literature by expanding an institutional logics evaluation framework and identifying the role of different actors in change mechanisms.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    “Soy Boy vs. Holy Cow”—Understanding the key factors determining U.S. consumers’ preferences and commitment to plant-based milk alternatives
    (MDPI, 2023-09) Rombach, Meike; Dean, David; Gan, Christopher
    Plant-based milk products are ultra-processed food products that enjoy a positive reputation as being safe, healthy, ethical, and sustainable. The present study is focused on these products and addresses the product and brand managers of US food retailers. A consumer survey explores the factors explaining US consumers’ preferences for and commitment to plant-based milk and other plant-based milk products. Environmental concerns, food safety, health, and sustainability concerns are identified as relevant predictors for both consumer behaviors. In addition, animal welfare concerns are relevant, but only for product commitment.
  • PublicationMetadata only
    Data sharing for development planning - A case study : The case of Fiji Land Information Systems : A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Applied Science (International Rural Development) at Lincoln University
    (Lincoln University, 1996) Kamil, Abdi Musse
    Development policy making is a major concern for all development policy formulators worldwide. The achievement of national development goals such as improvement of standards of living, employment and the protection of the natural environment depend on effective national policies which in turn require objective policy analysis based on accurate data. Consequently, there is a growing demand for systematic organization of basic data for better resource policy planning. The literature of development planning suggests that the availability, storage, classification schemes, and dissemination arrangements of basic data in developing countries has been inadequate to support effective development policy analysis and project evaluation. The widespread diffusion of computers in the developing world, means that there now exists an array of opportunities capable of automating and integrating traditional manual systems. These advances are potential mechanisms which can provide a systematic organization and distribution of basic data to assist objective analysis and the subsequent follow up measures to evaluate development policy interventions. A case study research strategy is employed to critically examine the implications of the adoption of Land Information Systems (LIS) technology in Fiji for development policy planning. Identification of data requirement is used as a basis to formulate a view of how best FLIS data can be applied to development planning. Data requirements of government agencies involved in the planning and implementation of development projects are examined. These focus on issues ranging from access requirements, access facilities, data standards and classification schemes, inter - agency coordination and human resource development. The introduction of LIS technology in Fiji raised questions central to inter - agency data sharing that are imperative to policy analysis and development policy making. These issues include, among others, proper collection, systematic organization and classification, and dissemination of basic data from key data holders to end-users. A very useful outcome of this work is the information resource index which identifies who the key holders of basic data are, format and nature of data, indicative uses, indicative users, and the stage of project cycle where such data may be required. The study suggests a range of technical requirements and identifies obstacles to inter - agency data sharing and the benefits that accrue after the introduction of LIS technology.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Canterbury game industry action plan 2022
    (2022) Loverich, B; Rapp, C; Caldwell, L; Pavletich, C; Westropp, P; Clark, A; Beattie, L; Cook, S; Todd, J; Shephard, I; Seymour, D; Nuthall, R; Dyason, David; Barrer, T; Lukosch, H
    This report reviews the video game and interactive media industry landscape, and is intended for game studios, local and international investors in the games industry, regional policy makers, central government, local government agencies, Christchurch City Council, and sector stakeholders.