Regulatory effects of Shewanella putrefaciens isolated from shrimp Penaeus orientalis on the virulence factors of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and evaluation of the role of quorum sensing in virulence factors regulation
Fang, Z.; Sun, D.; Li, Can; Sun, L.; Wang, Yaling; Guo, M.; Wang, R.; Deng, Q.; Hu, H.; Liu, Y.; Xu, D.; Gooneratne, Sarojith R.
As an aquatic pathogen widely present in aquatic food, Vibrio parahaemolyticus causes outbreaks of gastroenteritis across the globe. Virulence factors of V. parahaemolyticus increases with the amount of spoilage in aquatic organisms including shrimp, but mechanisms regulating its virulence factors are not well understood. In this study, five spoilage bacteria isolated from shrimp were investigated for their regulatory effects on the virulence factors including haemolysin and biofilm of V. parahaemolyticus. Among these isolates, Shewanella putrefaciens induced haemolytic activity in V. parahaemolyticus in a time-dose-temperature-dependent manner and we found the main component responsible for this effect to be the supernatant or cell-free extract of S. putrefaciens. Total haemolytic activity, expression of the thermostable direct haemolysin gene tdh and biofilm production of V. parahaemolyticus were significantly up-regulated by S. putrefaciens, but also by deletion of quorum-sensing luxM or luxS gene of V. parahaemolyticus. However, this regulation by S. putrefaciens was significantly impaired by deletion of the luxM gene, but not by deletion of the luxS gene. Further study showed that S. putrefaciens exhibited a strong degradation ability on the signalling molecule acylated homoserine lactone (AHL) synthesised by the LuxM enzyme. This study revealed a novel virulence regulatory mechanism that S. putrefaciens can significantly increase the virulence factors of V. parahaemolyticus via interfering with the luxM- type quorum-sensing signalling pathway through its AHL-degradation ability.... [Show full abstract]
KeywordsVibrio parahaemolyticus; virulence regulation; Shewanella putrefaciens; quorum sensing; luxM; luxS; Microbiology; Animals; Penaeidae; Biofilms; Carbon-Sulfur Lyases; Bacterial Proteins; Bacterial Toxins; Virulence Factors; Virulence; Seafood; Hemolysin Proteins
Fields of Research0908 Food Sciences; 090804 Food Packaging, Preservation and Safety; 0605 Microbiology; 05 Environmental Sciences; 06 Biological Sciences; 11 Medical and Health Sciences
- Metadata-only (no full-text) 
© FEMS 2018. All rights reserved.