Associations between variation in the ovine high glycine-tyrosine keratin-associated protein gene KRTAP20-1 and wool traits
Gong, Hua; Zhou, Huitong; Bai, Lingrong; Li, W.; Li, S.; Wang, J.; Luo, Y.; Hickford, Jonathan G. H.
The keratin-associated proteins (KAPs) are important constituents of wool fibres. Of the many mammalian KAP genes (KRTAPs) identified, KRTAP20-1 has been described in humans, but it has not been described in any other species. A search of the sheep genome using the human KRTAP20-1 sequence revealed a homologous open reading frame on chromosome 1, which would encode a high glycine-tyrosine KAP. PCR-single stranded conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis identified eight different banding patterns representing eight unique DNA sequences (named A-H). The sequences had highest similarity to the human KRTAP20-1 sequence, and this suggests they are variants of ovine KRTAP20-1. Among these variants, a 12-bp insertion/deletion and six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) including one 5' untranslated region (UTR) SNP, one 3' UTR SNP and two non-synonymous SNPs, were detected. Variant A was found to be associated with a decrease in mean fibre diameter, fibre diameter standard deviation and prickle factor; while variant C was associated with increased greasy fleece weight and decreased wool yield. These associations persisted after adjusting for the effect of two nearby KRTAPs (KRTAP6-3 and KRTAP22-1) that have also been reported to associate with these wool traits. This suggests that variation in KRTAP20-1 affects wool yield and mean fibre diameter-associated traits, and that this effect is unlikely to be the result of the clustering of these KRTAPs on chromosome 1.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordskeratin-associated protein KAP20-1 gene ( KRTAP20-1 ); mean fiber diameter; sheep; variation; wool yield; keratin-associated protein KAP20-1 gene (KRTAP20-1); Dairy & Animal Science; Wool; Animals; Tyrosine; Glycine; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Sequence Alignment; Phylogeny; Base Sequence; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Genome; Keratins
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© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.