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dc.contributor.authorAraj, S.-E.
dc.contributor.authorShields, Morgan
dc.contributor.authorWratten, Stephen D.
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-08T23:11:20Z
dc.date.available2019-07-18en
dc.date.issued2019-07-18
dc.date.submitted2019-07-15en
dc.identifier.issn1386-6141en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10182/10860
dc.description.abstractWeed floral resources are often overlooked in biological control manipulations, yet common species in this group can contribute to enhanced biological control efficacy. Weed floral resources may not be examined as frequently as certain insectary species (buckwheat). Furthermore, they may require less maintenance and are adapted to grow in the planted area. Here, we investigated the effects of weed and other non-crop floral resources on Eretmocerus mundus, a parasitoid of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, in the laboratory. The two common weeds evaluated were shepherd’s purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris) and white rocket (Diplotaxis erucoides). These were compared with buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) and alyssum (Lobularia maritima). Adults of the above parasitoid were exposed to flowers of the selected plants and survived six times longer with buckwheat than those in the control (water only) and 2.8, 3.1 and four times longer with shepherd’s purse, rocket and alyssum, respectively. All plant species significantly increased parasitoid longevity, egg load and fecundity compared to the control. Buckwheat had the greatest effect on these parameters. Parasitism rate of the pest increased by up to 72.1%. This work illustrates that the selected non-buckwheat species could have value where buckwheat germination rate and phenology may be limiting such as in arid climates, for which this work was targeted.en
dc.format.extent9en
dc.languageenen
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSpringer on behalf of the International Organization for Biological Control
dc.relationThe original publication is available from - Springer on behalf of the International Organization for Biological Control - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10526-019-09957-xen
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10526-019-09957-xen
dc.rights© International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC) 2019
dc.subjectBemisia tabacien
dc.subjectbiological controlen
dc.subjectfloral resourcesen
dc.subjectweedsen
dc.subjectEntomologyen
dc.titleWeed floral resources and commonly used insectary plants to increase the efficacy of a whitefly parasitoiden
dc.typeJournal Article
lu.contributor.unitLincoln University
lu.contributor.unitBio-Protection Research Centre
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10526-019-09957-xen
dc.subject.anzsrc0607 Plant Biologyen
dc.subject.anzsrc070308 Crop and Pasture Protection (Pests, Diseases and Weeds)en
dc.relation.isPartOfBioControlen
pubs.notesOnline first articleen
pubs.organisational-group/LU
pubs.organisational-group/LU/BPRC
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office/QE18
pubs.publication-statusPublished onlineen
dc.identifier.eissn1573-8248en
lu.identifier.orcid0000-0002-5168-8277
lu.identifier.orcid0000-0002-4795-6013


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