Lack of involvement of chitinase in direct toxicity of Beauveria bassiana cultures to the aphid Myzus persicae
Cheong, Peter Chiew Hing; Glare, Travis; Rostas, Michael; Haines, S.; Brookes, Jennifer J.; Ford, S.
The fungal insect pathogen Beauveria bassiana produces a range of insecticidal metabolites and enzymes, in-cluding chitinases and proteases, which may assist the disease progression. The enzymes often play a pre-dominant role in the pathogenicity pathway and both chitinases and proteases have previously been shown to be important in host infection. Spray application of supernatants of B. bassiana broth cultures of an isolate from New Zealand caused significant mortality in the green peach aphid,Myzus persicae,within 24 h, demonstrating an apparent contact toxicity. Three-day-old broth cultures were the most effective, with less insect mortality seen using six-day-old broth. However, aphicidal activity increased again when treating aphids with seven-day-old broth. Cultures grew substantially better and produced more potent aphicidal cultures when cultured in media with an initial pH above 5.5. Chitinase was produced a day earlier than the serine protease Pr1, but the peak production periods of these enzymes did not correlate with the aphicidal activities of three- or six-day-old cultures. Cultures treated with EDTA or heated to inactivate the enzymes still showed strong insecticidal activity.Neither beauvericin nor bassianolide, two known insecticidal metabolites, were detected in the supernatants. Therefore the key aphicidal components of B. bassiana cultures were not associated with chitinase nor Pr1 andare yet to be identified... [Show full abstract]
Keywordsentomopathogenic fungus; toxins; enzymes; aphids; supernatant; Beauveria bassiana; chitinase; Pr1; aphicidal; EDTA; beauvericin; bassianolide; Entomology; Animals; Fungal Proteins; Insecticides; Insect Control; Pest Control, Biological; Time Factors; Beauveria; Chitinases
Fields of Research070603 Horticultural Crop Protection (Pests, Diseases and Weeds)
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