|dc.description.abstract||The design of any man-made structure in the
rural landscape involves making a conscious
design decision as to its surface colour.
In the past, structures such as houses, farm
buildings and bridges often assimilated the
colour of the surrounding landscape because they
were built from local materials. Even materials
which were not indigenous to the area have
subsequently weathered and have established an
empathy with the landscape.
On the other hand, modern structures rarely
reflect local eccentricities. Mass produced
components and prefabricated structures appear
to display only a common utilitarianism which is
evident throughout the nationally distributed
market. In addition, changes in methods of
farming combined with a growth in technology as
applied to the agricultural and building industries
has made it possible and necessary to erect
larger scale buildings in the rural landscape than
has been traditional. Such buildings, being
more industrial in scale than rural, present
visual problems, particularly as the majority
have been constructed at minimum capital cost.
This study accepts the inevitability of these
changes. Structures are needed at a cost which
can be afforded. Building flexibility is required
to accommodate specialised skills which will
change due to improved techniques. But since
the rural environment has become increasingly
a place of visual and recreational enjoyment
for most New Zealanders, it is important to
investigate means whereby the visual impact
of these man-made structures is minimised,
or alternatively, whereby the impact can be
used to enhance the existing rural landscape.
One practical means of controlling the impact
of structures in the rural landscape appears
to be by an effective use of surface colour. It has
become apparent however, that there is little
information available concerning the choice of
surface colours on structures. That deficiency
led to this study.
Any study of this nature has obvious application
to many different groups of people. These
include farmers, designers, planners and
manufacturers. Each group has its own requirement
for specific technical information. This
communication problem has had to be resolved in
the presentation of the study. Therefore, it
was decided to divide the material produced into
three parts, each having a predominant
significance for a major user group.
Part 1 : "Colour for Structures in the
Landscape : Colours of the New Zealand rural
Colours were derived from the rural landscape. A
limited range of the predominant colours
throughout rural New Zealand were then weighted
for seasonal vegetation changes and the likely
occurrence of buildings etc. Only in this
general way, could a useful range of compatible
colours be produced for the national manufacturing
Part 2 : "Colour for Structures in the Landscape:
A design guide to the use of colour in the New
Zealand rural landscape".
This part gives emphasis to colour use by the
lay-user. It describes fundamental principles
for an effective use of colour particularly on
buildings. It also makes the important distinction
between 'accent' and 'compatible' colours and their
uses in different situations.
Part 3 : "Colour for Structures in the landscape:
A methodology for colour derivation in the New
Zealand rural landscape."
This part describes for designers and planners, the
way in which colours were selected and collated
in this study. It therefore suggests a framework
within which specific area and project studies can
It will be seen that no one part is fully
independent of the others. For example, a colour
may be selected from the general manufacturers'
range specified in Part 1 because it is appropriate
to a specific site. But the manner in which that
colour is used is subject to the broad principles
of colour use outlined in Part 2.
Further, where a structure has, or is likely to
have a reasonable visual impact, it is recommended
that an independent colour analysis is made for
that specific landscape. The methodology for
such an analysis is described in Part 3.
As a final introductory comment to the total study
it should be stressed that the findings give only
a general guidance as to the range of colours
existing in the rural landscape of New Zealand.
There is no one general colour range which will
cover every specific landscape type. On the
other hand, the range offered will minimize many
of the existing and potential intrusions in the