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dc.contributor.authorIlyas, Hafiz M.en
dc.contributor.authorSafa, Majeeden
dc.contributor.authorEvans, Alisonen
dc.contributor.authorRauf, S.en
dc.contributor.authorKhan, A.en
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-26T20:22:31Z
dc.date.issued2020-01-03en
dc.date.submitted2019-12-31en
dc.identifier.issn1996-1073en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10182/11337
dc.description.abstractThis study evaluates energy efficiency of pastoral (PDFs) and barn (BDFs) dairy farming systems in New Zealand through application of data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach. Two models constant return to scale (CCR) and variable return to scale (BCC) of DEA were employed for determining the technical (TE), pure technical (PTE) and scale (SE) efficiencies of New Zealand pastoral and barn dairy systems. Further, benchmarking was also performed to separate efficient and inefficient dairy farms and energy saving potential was identified for both dairy systems based upon their optimal energy consumption. For this study, the energy inputs data were taken from 50 dairy farms (including PDFs and BDFs) across Canterbury, New Zealand. The results indicated that the average technical, pure technical and scale efficiencies of pastoral (PDFs) dairy systems were 0.84, 0.90, 0.93 and for barn (BDFs) systems were 0.78, 0.84, 0.92, respectively, showing that energy efficiency is slightly better in PDFs system than the BDFs. From the total number of dairy farms 40% and 48% were efficient based on the constant return to scale and variable return to scale models, respectively. Further, the energy saving potential for PDFs and BDFs dairy systems through optimal energy consumption were identified as 23% and 35%, respectively. Thus, energy auditing, use of renewable energy and precision agricultural technology were recommended for energy efficiency improvement in both dairy systems.en
dc.format.extent14en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMDPIen
dc.relationThe original publication is available from - MDPI - https://doi.org/10.3390/en13010251en
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/en13010251en
dc.rights© 2020 by the authorsen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectenergy efficiencyen
dc.subjectdata envelopment analysis (DEA)en
dc.subjectpastoral dairy farming system (PDFs)en
dc.subjectbarn dairy farming system (BDFs)en
dc.subjectCanterburyen
dc.subjectNew Zealanden
dc.titleEnergy efficiency outlook of New Zealand dairy farming systems: An application of data envelopment analysis (DEA) approachen
dc.typeJournal Article
lu.contributor.unitLincoln Universityen
lu.contributor.unitFaculty of Agribusiness and Commerceen
lu.contributor.unitDepartment of Land Management and Systemsen
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/en13010251en
dc.subject.anzsrc0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Managementen
dc.subject.anzsrc070107 Farming Systems Researchen
dc.subject.anzsrc02 Physical Sciencesen
dc.subject.anzsrc09 Engineeringen
dc.relation.isPartOfEnergiesen
pubs.issue1en
pubs.notesArticle number 251en
pubs.organisational-group/LU
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Faculty of Agribusiness and Commerce
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Faculty of Agribusiness and Commerce/LAMS
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office/PE20
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office/QE18
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
pubs.volume13en
dc.identifier.eissn1996-1073en
dc.rights.licenceAttributionen
lu.identifier.orcid0000-0002-8670-6156


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