Placemaking in action: Factors that support or obstruct the development of urban community gardens
The paper examines factors that support or obstruct the development of urban community garden projects. It combines a systematic scholarly literature review with empirical research from case studies located in New Zealand and Germany. The findings are discussed against the backdrop of placemaking processes: urban community gardens are valuable platforms to observe space-to-place transformations. Following a social-constructionist approach, literature-informed enablers and barriers for the development of urban community gardens are analysed against perceived notions informed by local interviewees with regard to their biophysical and technical, socio-cultural and economic, and political and administrative dimensions. These dimensions are incorporated into a systematic and comprehensive category system. This approach helps observe how the essential biophysical-material base of the projects is overlaid with socio-cultural factors and shaped by governmental or administrative regulations. Perceptual differences become evident and are discussed through the lens of different actors.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordscommunity gardens; enablers; barriers; placemaking; socio-cultural phenomenon; perception gaps
Fields of Research1205 Urban and Regional Planning; 120501 Community Planning; 120508 Urban Design; 120507 Urban Analysis and Development; 160810 Urban Sociology and Community Studies; 12 Built Environment and Design
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