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dc.contributor.authorUrlich, S. C.en
dc.contributor.authorWard, Jonet C.en
dc.date.accessioned2009-07-29T04:41:34Z
dc.date.issued1997-02en
dc.identifier.issn1173-1451en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10182/1139
dc.description.abstractNew Zealand is a land of diverse landscapes and ecosystems; within short distances the change from sea to plains to mountains is often dramatic. Since European settlement 150 years ago, large parts of the country have been extensively modified, yet there are still landscapes present with little or no sign of human influence. Overall, these natural and cultural landscapes range from pristine and unmodified forests and waterways, to modified rural and urban areas. Lakes, rivers and wetlands are prominent features of both our natural and culturally perceived landscapes, and play an important, often integral, role in ecosystems. Preservation of the natural character of these aquatic ecosystems, and protecting them from inappropriate development, is recognised and expressed in section 6 of the Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA). However, natural character is an elusive concept to identify, much less define and assess. This presents difficulties for policymakers and councils who are working on a daily basis with the RMA. Faced with an application for a resource consent, a council has to consider the proposed activity against a number of criteria, not least asking how will it affect the natural character of aquatic systems. This begs some fundamental questions: namely, what is natural character? How is it defined and assessed? What values lie in our perceptions of naturalness? How have natural character issues been addressed by the Planning Tribunal/ Environment Court? And, what approach can councils use to assess natural character of waterways? This paper (1) explores different interpretations surrounding the meaning of natural character; (2) identifies and develops generic approaches towards managing natural character of freshwater ecosystems; and (3) defines a set of indicators for natural character of freshwater ecosystems that local authorities can easily use.en
dc.format.extent28en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherLincoln University. Lincoln Environmental / Centre for Resource Managementen
dc.relationThe original publication is available from - Lincoln University. Lincoln Environmental / Centre for Resource Managementen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInformation Paper no. 57en
dc.rightsCopyright © Lincoln Environmental.en
dc.subjectfreshwater ecologyen
dc.subjectenvironmental indicatorsen
dc.subjectnatural characteren
dc.subjectResource Management Act 1991en
dc.subjectlocal authoritiesen
dc.subjectlocal governmenten
dc.subjectnatural areasen
dc.subjectlandscape assessmenten
dc.subjectecological assessmenten
dc.titleIndicators of natural character of freshwater: generic approaches to managementen
dc.typeMonograph
dc.subject.marsdenFields of Research::300000 Agricultural, Veterinary and Environmental Sciences::300800 Environmental Science::300803 Natural resources managementen
dc.subject.marsdenFields of Research::300000 Agricultural, Veterinary and Environmental Sciences::300800 Environmental Science::300804 Environmental impact assessmenten
dc.subject.marsdenFields of Research::300000 Agricultural, Veterinary and Environmental Sciences::300800 Environmental Science::300801 Environmental management and rehabilitationen
lu.contributor.unitLincoln Universityen
lu.contributor.unitFaculty of Environment, Society and Designen
lu.contributor.unitDepartment of Environmental Managementen
pubs.notesISBN 1-86931-033-0en
pubs.organisational-group/LU
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Faculty of Environment, Society and Design
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Faculty of Environment, Society and Design/DEM
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
dc.publisher.placeCanterbury, New Zealanden


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