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dc.contributor.authorPipek, P.
dc.contributor.authorPyšek, P.
dc.contributor.authorBacher, S.
dc.contributor.authorBolfíková, B. Č.
dc.contributor.authorHulme, Philip E.
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-30T22:38:55Z
dc.date.available2020-02-07en
dc.date.issued2020-02-07
dc.identifier.issn0110-6465en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10182/11800
dc.description.abstractAccording to the most recent (2005) compendium on the history of the European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) in New Zealand, this small insectivorous mammal was first brought from Europe to the South Island in the 19th century. This introduction has been presumed to be the source of hedgehogs that subsequently spread to the North Island. This view was informed by the absence of hedgehogs in the North Island throughout the 19th century and no evidence of direct shipments of hedgehogs from overseas to the North Island. Molecular data have challenged this view and suggested that not only was the North Island colonised independently from overseas, but hedgehogs also first became established in the North rather than in the South Island. If true, this finding indicates that the historical record collected by previous researchers might be incomplete. In the present study, based primarily on newspaper articles, we fill this gap by documenting four pre-1900 shipments of hedgehogs to the North Island, thereby confirming the independent colonisation of the North Island. However, we also report on several relocations from established populations in Canterbury (South Island) to regions on the North Island, and none in the opposite direction. We illustrate the importance of linking observational and molecular data with historical records when interpreting the introduction pathways of introduced species.en
dc.format.extent6en
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherNew Zealand Ecological Society
dc.relationThe original publication is available from - New Zealand Ecological Society - https://doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.44.7en
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.20417/nzjecol.44.7en
dc.rights© 2020 New Zealand Ecological Society
dc.subjectinvasionen
dc.subjectNew Zealanden
dc.subjectshippingen
dc.subjecthistorical recordsen
dc.subjectEcologyen
dc.titleIndependent introductions of hedgehogs to the North and South Island of New Zealanden
dc.typeJournal Article
lu.contributor.unitLincoln University
lu.contributor.unitBio-Protection Research Centre
dc.identifier.doi10.20417/nzjecol.44.7en
dc.relation.isPartOfNew Zealand Journal of Ecologyen
pubs.issue1en
pubs.notesArticle 3396en
pubs.organisational-group/LU
pubs.organisational-group/LU/BPRC
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office/PE20
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office/QE18
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
pubs.volume44en
dc.identifier.eissn1177-7788en
lu.identifier.orcid0000-0001-5712-0474


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