An assessment of MitAgator: A farm-scale tool to estimate and manage the loss of contaminants from land to water
McDowell, Richard; Lucci, Gina M.; Peyroux, G.; Yoswara, H.; Brown, Matt; Kalmakoff, I.; Cox, N.; Smale, Paul; Wheeler, D.; Watkins, Natalie; Smith, Chris; Monaghan, R. M.; Muirhead, R.; Catto, W.; Risk, J.
Land users and managers require decision support tools (DSTs) that enable them to estimate losses of contaminants from land to freshwater. MitAgator is a DST that estimates losses of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), sediment, and fecal indicator bacteria (E. coli) and the cost-effectiveness of different strategies to mitigate losses so that a water quality target can be met at the least cost. Some of the algorithms present within Overseer (a standard DST used in New Zealand for N and P management) have been modified and appended to include spatial analysis in MitAgator. Outputs from MitAgator showed good (R-2 > 0.77; p < 0.001) prediction of measured N and P losses across a range of land uses, but accuracy decreased at larger (catchment) scales. Analysis for P outputs indicated that the most sensitive inputs were hydrological characteristics, followed by soil characteristics and P inputs. Although national databases are used for many of these inputs, if better local data are available, then they should be used. Furthermore, while MitAgator is easy to use by a novice, MitAgator outputs should only be interpreted in collaboration with an experienced user so that limitations concerning cost-effectiveness estimates and spatial and temporal scales are not exceeded.... [Show full abstract]
KeywordsE. coli; good management practices (GMPs); mitigation measures; nitrogen; phosphorus; sediment; coli; good managment practices; good management practices
Fields of Research0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management; 070107 Farming Systems Research; 050302 Land Capability and Soil Degradation
© 2015 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers