Machine learning modeling of wine sensory profiles and color of vertical vintages of Pinot Noir based on chemical fingerprinting, weather and management data
Important wine quality traits such as sensory profile and color are the product of complex interactions between the soil, grapevine, the environment, management, and winemaking practices. Artificial intelligence (AI) and specifically machine learning (ML) could offer powerful tools to assess these complex interactions and their patterns through seasons to predict quality traits to winegrowers close to harvest and before winemaking. This study considered nine vintages (2008–2016) using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR) of wines and corresponding weather and management information as inputs for artificial neural network (ANN) modeling of sensory profiles (Models 1 and 2 respectively). Furthermore, weather and management data were used as inputs to predict the color of wines (Model 3). Results showed high accuracy in the prediction of sensory profiles of vertical wine vintages using NIR (Model 1; R = 0.92; slope = 0.85), while better models were obtained using weather/management data for the prediction of sensory profiles (Model 2; R = 0.98; slope = 0.93) and wine color (Model 3; R = 0.99; slope = 0.98). For all models, there was no indication of overfitting as per ANN specific tests. These models may be used as powerful tools to winegrowers and winemakers close to harvest and before the winemaking process to maintain a determined wine style with high quality and acceptability by consumers.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordssensory profile; chemical fingerprinting; water balance; artificial intelligence; wine colour; wine color; Analytical Chemistry
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