Understanding the pathways from biodiversity to agro-ecological outcomes: A new, interactive approach
Chang, Mauricio G.; Wratten, Stephen D.; Shields, Morgan; Costanza, R.; Dainese, M.; Gurr, G. M.; Johnson, Janine; Karp, D. S.; Ketelaar, J. W.; Nboyine, Jerry; Pretty, J.; Rayl, Ryan; Sandhu, H.; Walker, M.; Zhou, W.
The adoption of agro-ecological practices in agricultural systems worldwide can contribute to increased food production without compromising future food security, especially under the current biodiversity loss and climate change scenarios. Despite the increase in publications on agro-ecological research and practices during the last 35 years, a weak link between that knowledge and changed farmer practices has led to few examples of agro-ecological protocols and effective delivery systems to agriculturalists. In an attempt to reduce this gap, we synthesised the main concepts related to biodiversity and its functions by creating a web-based interactive spiral (www.biodiversityfunction.com). This tool explains and describes a pathway for achieving agro-ecological outcomes, starting from the basic principle of biodiversity and its functions to enhanced biodiversity on farms. Within this pathway, 11 key steps are identified and sequentially presented on a web platform through which key players (farmers, farmer networks, policy makers, scientists and other stakeholders) can navigate and learn. Because in many areas of the world the necessary knowledge needed for achieving the adoption of particular agro-ecological techniques is not available, the spiral approach can provide the necessary conceptual steps needed for obtaining and understanding such knowledge by navigating through the interactive pathway. This novel approach aims to improve our understanding of the sequence from the concept of biodiversity to harnessing its power to improve prospects for ‘sustainable intensification’ of agricultural systems worldwide.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordsagroecology; interactive tool; sustainable intensification; biodiversity; implementation pathway; outcomes; Agronomy & Agriculture
Fields of Research070108 Sustainable Agricultural Development; 070301 Agro-ecosystem Function and Prediction; 070103 Agricultural Production Systems Simulation; 05 Environmental Sciences; 07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences; 16 Studies in Human Society
© 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.