Polymorphism in the ovine keratin-associated protein gene KRTAP7-1 and its association with wool characteristics
The keratin-associated proteins (KAPs) are structural components of wool fibers and variation in the genes encoding the KAPs can affect wool traits. In this study, sequence variation in the ovine KAP7-1 gene (KRTAP7-1) was investigated in 222 sheep across 5 different Pakistani breeds and breed crosses. Two previously identified variants (A and B) of the KRTAP7-1 coding sequence were identified. The frequency of the genotypes AA and AB was 76% and 23%, respectively, and that of BB was 1%. The association of sequence variation with various wool traits and measurements included yield (the proportion of greasy fleece weight that is clean fleece), mean staple length (MSL), wool bulk, mean fiber diameter, fiber diameter SD, the coefficient of variation of fiber diameter, medullation, the SD of medullation, the coefficient of variation of medullation, fiber opacity, the SD of opacity, and the coefficient of variation of opacity. Variation in KRTAP7-1 was found to be associated with yield (P = 0.017). The adjusted mean yield of sheep of genotype AA (n = 169) was 79.9 ± 2.72%, while that of genotype AB (n = 51) was 81.9 ± 3.37%. There was also an association between variation in KRTAP7-1 and MSL (P = 0.024), with sheep of genotype AA (n = 169) having an adjusted mean MSL of 47.3 ± 0.57 mm compared with sheep of genotype AB (n = 51, 50.9 ± 0.65 mm). Yield and MSL are both important wool production traits, hence variation in KRTAP7-1 needs to be further investigated in more sheep of differing breed.... [Show full abstract]
KeywordsKAP7-1; KRTAP7-1; polymorphism; wool; yield; keratin-associated proteins (KAPs); KRTAP7-1; Dairy & Animal Science; Animals; Sheep; Body Weight; Breeding; Genotype; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Genetic; Keratins; Keratins, Hair-Specific
Fields of Research0702 Animal Production
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© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.