Identification and characterization of circular RNA in lactating mammary glands from two breeds of sheep with different milk production profiles using RNA-Seq
Hao, Zhiyun; Zhou, Huitong; Hickford, Jonathan G. H.; Gong, Hua; Wang, Jiqing; Hu, Jiang; Liu, Xiu; Li, Shaobin; Zhao, Mengli; Luo, Yuzhu
CircRNA is a specific type of non-coding RNA that has been shown to have an important role in mammary gland (MG) activity, but no study of MG circRNA activity in sheep so far. In this study, the expression profile of circRNAs was investigated using RNA-Seq in MG parenchyma at peak lactation from Small-Tailed Han sheep and Gansu Alpine Merino sheep with phenotypic differences in milk yield and components. A total of 4, 906 circRNAs were found and 33 of these were differentially expressed between breeds. GO and KEGG results showed that the parental genes of differentially expressed circRNAs were mainly enriched in heterocyclic compound binding, kinase activity, adherens junction, the TGF-β signaling pathway, and the MAPK signaling pathway. This study provides an overview of circRNA expression in the ovine MG and the interaction between some key circRNAs and their target miRNAs. It improves our knowledge of the role of circRNA in sheep milk synthesis.... [Show full abstract]
KeywordsCircRNA; mammary gland; sheep; RNA-Seq; differentially expressed circRNAs; Genetics & Heredity; Mammary Glands, Animal; Milk; Animals; MicroRNAs; Lactation; Female; High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing; RNA, Circular
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