Simultaneous quantification of aflatoxin B₁, T-2 toxin, ochratoxin A and deoxynivalenol in dried seafood products by LC-MS/MS
Deng, Yijia; Wang, Yaling; Deng, Qi; Sun, Lijun; Wang, Rundong; Wang, Xiaobo; Liao, Jianmeng; Gooneratne, Sarojith R.
Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by fungi. These contaminate dried seafoods during processing and storage and represent a potential health hazard for consumers. A sensitive, selective and accurate liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was established for simultaneous quantification of four common mycotoxins (aflatoxin B₁ (AFB₁), T-2 toxin (T-2), ochratoxin A (OTA) and deoxynivalenol (DON)) in dried shrimp, dried fish and dried mussel products. Mycotoxins were extracted from dried seafood samples by acetonitrile/water (85/15, v/v), subjected to ultrasound for 60 min at 20°C and cleaned up by defatting with n-hexane. The sample matrix affected the linearity of detection (R² ≥ 0.9974). The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) in dried seafood products varied from 0.1 to 2.0 μg.kg⁻¹and 0.3 to 5.0 μg.kg⁻¹, respectively. The method was validated by spiking samples with specific mycotoxin levels, and the recoveries, intra-relative standard deviation (RSDs) and inter-RSDs ranged between 72.2-98.4%, 2.8-10.6%, and 5.5-15.4%, respectively. This method was used to analyze 40 dried seafood products purchased from the Zhanjiang seafood market. Results of this product sampling showed that while no DON was detected, AFB₁, T-2 and OTA were detected in 30.8%, 17.5% and 33.3% of the samples, respectively. AFB₁, T-2 and OTA concentrations varied at 0.58-0.89, 0.55-1.34 and 0.36-1.51 μg.kg⁻¹, respectively. Relatively high frequency of contamination and the presence of AFB₁, OTA and T-2 residues indicate the need to monitor mycotoxins in dried seafood products.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordsmycotoxins; dried seafood; liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry; method validation; ultrasound-assisted extraction; Animals; Fishes; Penaeidae; Trichothecenes; T-2 Toxin; Ochratoxins; Aflatoxin B1; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Food Contamination; Seafood; Mytilus edulis; Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Fields of Research0605 Microbiology; 0908 Food Sciences; 111506 Toxicology (incl. Clinical Toxicology); 030101 Analytical Spectrometry
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