Advances in biosynthesis and biological functions of proanthocyanidins in horticultural plants
Proanthocyanidins are colorless flavonoid polymers condensed from flavan-3-ol units. They are essential secondary plant metabolites that contribute to the nutritional value and sensory quality of many fruits and the related processed products. Mounting evidence has shown that the accumulation of proanthocyanidins is associated with the resistance of plants against a broad spectrum of abiotic and biotic stress conditions. The biosynthesis of proanthocyanidins has been examined extensively, allowing for identifying and characterizing the key regulators controlling the biosynthetic pathway in many plants. New findings revealed that these specific regulators were involved in the proanthocyanidins biosynthetic network in response to various environmental conditions. This paper reviews the current knowledge regarding the control of key regulators in the underlying proanthocyanidins biosynthetic and molecular mechanisms in response to environmental stress. Furthermore, it discusses the directions for future research on the metabolic engineering of proanthocyanidins production to improve food and fruit crop quality.... [Show full abstract]
Fields of Research0706 Horticultural Production; 090801 Food Chemistry and Molecular Gastronomy (excl. Wine); 070601 Horticultural Crop Growth and Development; 070602 Horticultural Crop Improvement (Selection and Breeding); 090803 Food Nutritional Balance
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