Variation in the caprine keratin-associated protein 27-1 gene is associated with cashmere fiber diameter
Zhao, Mengli; Zhou, Huitong; Luo, Yuzhu; Wang, Jiqing; Hu, Jiang; Liu, Xiu; Li, Shaobin; Hao, Zhiyun; Jin, Xiayang; Song, Yize; Wu, Xinmiao; Hu, L.; Hickford, Jonathan G. H.
Variation in some caprine keratin-associated protein (KAP) genes has been associated with cashmere fiber traits, but many KAP genes remain unidentified in goats. In this study, we confirm the identification of a KAP27-1 gene (KRTAP27-1) and describe its effect on cashmere traits in 248 Longdong cashmere goats. A polymerase chain reaction–single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis was used to screen for sequence variation in this gene, and three sequence variants (named A to C) were found. These sequences have the highest similarity (77% identity) to a human KRTAP27-1 sequence, while sharing some homology with a predicted caprine KRTAP27-1 sequence ENSCHIG00000023347 in the goat genome construct (ARS1:CM004562.1) at chromosome 1 position 3,966,193–3,973,677 in the forward strand. There were two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) detected in the coding sequence, including one nonsynonymous SNP (c.413C/T; p.Ala138Val) and one synonymous SNP (c.495C/T). The C variant differed from A and B at c.413C/T, having cytosine in its nucleotide sequence, while the B variant differed from A and C at c.495C/T, having thymine in its nucleotide sequence. Goats of the genotypes AB and BB produced cashmere fibers of higher mean fiber diameter (MFD) than goats of genotype AA, but no difference in MFD was detected between the AB and BB goats. These results suggest that B is associated with increased MFD. Expression of the caprine KRTAP27-1 sequence was predominantly detected in the skin tissue of goats but not or only weakly detected in other tissues, including longissimus dorsi muscle, heart, kidney, liver, lung and spleen.... [Show full abstract]
KeywordsKAP27-1 gene (KRTAP27-1); mean fiber diameter; skin; Longdong cashmere goats; Animals; Goats; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Phylogeny; Gene Expression; Base Sequence; Quantitative Trait, Heritable; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative Trait Loci; Keratins; Genetic Association Studies; Wool Fiber
Fields of Research0702 Animal Production; 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology; 060408 Genomics; 060309 Phylogeny and Comparative Analysis
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