The effects of bioactive compounds from blueberry and blackcurrant powder on oat bran pastes: Enhancing in vitro antioxidant activity and reducing reactive oxygen species in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated Raw264.7 macrophages
Hui, Xiaodan; Wu, Gang; Han, D.; Gong, Xi; Wu, X. Y.; Tang, S. Z.; Brennan, Margaret A.; Brennan, Charles S.
In this study, blueberry and blackcurrant powder were chosen as the phenolic-rich enrichments for oat bran. A Rapid Visco Analyser was used to form blueberry and blackcurrant enriched oat pastes. An in vitro digestion process evaluated the changes of phenolic compounds and the in vitro antioxidant potential of extracts of pastes. The anthocyanidin profiles in the extracts were characterised by the pH differential method. The results showed that blueberry and blackcurrant powder significantly increased the content of phenolic compounds and the in vitro antioxidant capacity of pastes, while the total flavonoid content decreased after digestion compared to the undigested samples. Strong correlations between these bioactive compounds and antioxidant values were observed. Lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages were used to investigate the intracellular antioxidant activity of the extracts from the digested oat bran paste with 25% enrichment of blueberry or blackcurrant powder. The results indicated that the extracts of digested pastes prevented the macrophages from experiencing lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated intracellular reactive oxygen species accumulation, mainly by the Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1)/nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signalling pathway. These findings suggest that the bioactive ingredients from blueberry and blackcurrant powder enhanced the in vitro and intracellular antioxidant capacity of oat bran pastes, and these enriched pastes have the potential to be utilised in the development of the functional foods.... [Show full abstract]
Fields of Research0908 Food Sciences; 090801 Food Chemistry and Molecular Gastronomy (excl. Wine); 090803 Food Nutritional Balance; 060499 Genetics not elsewhere classified
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