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Forest invasion by the African Tulip Tree (Spathodea campanulata) in the Hawaiian Islands: are seedlings shade-tolerant?
(University of Hawai'i Press, 2014)
Native to West Africa, Spathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) is frequently viewed as a shade-intolerant invader. It commonly colonizes roadsides, human-disturbed forests, and abandoned agricultural land in tropical ...