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Does agricultural mechanization reduce vulnerable employment? Evidence from cross-country panel data

Zhou, X
Ma, Wanglin
Journal Article
Fields of Research
ANZSRC::140201 Agricultural Economics , ANZSRC::070106 Farm Management, Rural Management and Agribusiness , ANZSRC::070105 Agricultural Systems Analysis and Modelling , ANZSRC::380101 Agricultural economics , ANZSRC::300208 Farm management, rural management and agribusiness , ANZSRC::300207 Agricultural systems analysis and modelling , ANZSRC::350502 Employment equity and diversity , ANZSRC::440599 Gender studies not elsewhere classified , ANZSRC::3801 Applied economics , ANZSRC::3802 Econometrics , ANZSRC::3803 Economic theory
Using cross-country panel data from the World Bank and an innovative unbalanced panel fractional response model, we show evidence that agricultural mechanization significantly reduces global vulnerable employment, and the vulnerable employment reduction effects of mechanization for women are larger than that for men. The findings underscore the importance of promoting agricultural mechanization to increase employment stability and mitigate gender gaps.
Source DOI
© The Authors and Economics Bulletin
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