Risk management and decision-making in relation to sustainable development
Hurlbert, M.; Krishnaswamy, J.; Davin, E.; Johnson, F. X.; Mena, C. F.; Morton, J.; Myeong, S.; Viner, D.; Warner, K.; Wreford, Anita B.; Zakieldeen, S.; Zommers, Z.
Increases in global mean surface temperature are projected to result in continued permafrost degradation and coastal degradation (high confidence), increased wildfire, decreased crop yields in low latitudes, decreased food stability, decreased water availability, vegetation loss (medium confidence), decreased access to food and increased soil erosion (low confidence). There is high agreement and high evidence that increases in global mean temperature will result in continued increase in global vegetation loss, coastal degradation, as well as decreased crop yields in low latitudes, decreased food stability, decreased access to food and nutrition, and medium confidence in continued permafrost degradation and water scarcity in drylands. The economic costs of action on sustainable land management (SLM), mitigation, and adaptation are less than the consequences of inaction for humans and ecosystems (medium confidence). Policy portfolios that make ecological restoration more attractive, people more resilient – expanding financial inclusion, flexible carbon credits, disaster risk and health insurance, social protection and adaptive safety nets, contingent finance and reserve funds, and universal access to early warning systems – could save 100 billion USD a year, if implemented globally.... [Show full abstract]
Fields of Research410103 Human impacts of climate change and human adaptation; 410102 Ecological impacts of climate change and ecological adaptation; 451902 Global Indigenous studies environmental knowledges and management; 300606 Food sustainability; 410601 Land capability and soil productivity; 300210 Sustainable agricultural development; 440711 Risk policy; 370299 Climate change science not elsewhere classified
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