Development of plant–fungal endophyte associations to suppress phoma stem canker in Brassica
Roodi, D.; Millner, J. P.; McGill, C. R.; Johnson, R. D.; Hea, S.-Y.; Brookes, Jennifer J.; Glare, Travis; Card, S. D.
Endophytic microorganisms are found within the tissues of many plants species, with some conferring several benefits to the host plant including resistance to plant diseases. In this study, two putative endophytic fungi that were previously isolated from wild seeds of Brassica, identified as Beauveria bassiana and Pseudogymnoascus pannorum, were inoculated into cultivars of three Brassica species—Brassica napus, Br. rapa and Br. oleracea. Both fungal endophytes were reisolated from above-and below-ground tissues of inoculated plants at four different plant-growth stages, including cotyle-don, one-leaf, two-leaf, and four-leaf stages. None of the plants colonised by these fungi exhibited any obvious disease symptoms, indicating the formation of novel mutualistic associations. These novel plant–endophyte associations formed between Brassica plants and Be. bassiana significantly inhibited phoma stem canker, a devastating disease of Brassica crops worldwide, caused by the fungal pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans. The novel association formed with P. pannorum significantly suppressed the amount of disease caused by L. maculans in one out of two experiments. Although biological control is not a new strategy, endophytic fungi with both antiinsect and antifungal activity are a highly conceivable, sustainable option to manage pests and diseases of economically important crops.... [Show full abstract]
KeywordsBeauveria bassiana; biological control; brassicaceae; cordycipitaceae; Leptosphaeria maculans; leptosphaeriaceae; phytopathogen
Fields of Research300406 Crop and pasture improvement (incl. selection and breeding); 3107 Microbiology; 300804 Horticultural crop protection (incl. pests, diseases and weeds); 410302 Biological control; 310705 Mycology
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