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dc.contributor.authorWhite, James R.
dc.date.accessioned2010-06-10T22:53:14Z
dc.date.available2010-06-10T22:53:14Z
dc.date.issued1991
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10182/2027
dc.description.abstractTerrestrial conservation is well developed in New Zealand. There is an extensive system of protected areas on land to provide for the conservation of natural ecosystems. The oldest of these have been in place for over a century. However, this concern for the terrestrial environment has not extended to the marine environment. New Zealand has only a few marine protected areas, all of which have been established in the last sixteen years. This paper addresses the question of why New Zealand has so few marine protected areas. It is found that the principal obstacles to establishment of marine protected areas are public attitudes of indifference to the marine environment, historically inadequate policy arrangements, and user group opposition. Present day policy arrangements for marine protected areas are examined for their effectiveness at overcoming these obstacles. It is found that policy arrangements for marine reserves are good in this respect. Marine park arrangements are currently receiving little attention and are limited by their legislative base, but provide greater flexibility for multi-purpose use than do marine reserves. It is concluded that marine protected area establishment could be assisted by amending or replacing the existing legislation, and by monitoring and publicising the effectiveness of both existing and impending marine protected areas.en
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherLincoln University
dc.rights.urihttps://researcharchive.lincoln.ac.nz/page/rights
dc.subjectmarine protected areaen
dc.subjectpublic perceptionsen
dc.subjectpublic policyen
dc.subjectuser groupsen
dc.subjectmarine reservesen
dc.titleThe development of marine protected areas in New Zealanden
dc.typeDissertationen
thesis.degree.grantorLincoln Universityen
thesis.degree.levelMastersen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
lu.thesis.supervisorWard, Jonet
lu.contributor.unitDepartment of Environmental Management
dc.rights.accessRightsDigital thesis can be viewed by current staff and students of Lincoln University only. If you are the author of this item, please contact us if you wish to discuss making the full text publicly available.en
dc.subject.anzsrc050205 Environmental Managementen
dc.subject.anzsrc160507 Environment Policyen


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