Improving the resolution of Non-Invasive Time Domain Reflectometry
Non invasive time domain reflectometry (TDR) may be used to estimate the volumetric moisture content, θᵥ, with depth for a variety of sample materials. The forward physical model is couched in terms of a moments method where integration is performed over a discretised sample space to estimate the measured propagation time, tp down a pair of parallel transmission lines. We show that inverse solution to this, which recovers relative permittivity and thus θᵥ, is greatly facilitated by a simplification of the system geometry via, 1) realistically modeling the prior density of the sample, 2) using this prior with the inherent system symmetry to reduce the number of required discretisation cells, and 3) determining a physically meaningful reduction operator to allow a coarse discretisation mesh to be used. The observational equation is expressed in the Bayesian paradigm with the most accurate and robust solution obtained using the conditional mean of the posterior distribution constructed via a Monte Carlo method. Results of simulation show that the method is capable of providing accurate estimates of the moisture density profile down to a depth of 100 mm with an error < 4%. Further, the reduction in the number of discretised cells required to accurately estimate these profiles means that the inversion procedure is quick enough to enable the real time application of the equipment, a fundamental requirement in the development.... [Show full abstract]
KeywordsTime Domain Reflectometry (TDR); noninvasive TDR sensor; Bayesian paradigm; electromagnetic sensor; moisture content; transmission lines; Time domain reflectometry; Bayesian; Non invasive
Fields of Research0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering
TypeConference Contribution - Published (Conference Paper)
- Lincoln Ventures 
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