Organisational structures and legal framework for tourism at local level : a case study of Mongolia
Since 1990, when the country opened its door to the world tourism market, the role and nature of tourism has changed significantly. At present, like other post socialist oriented economies in transition, Mongolia suffers from low human resource capacity, inadequate governance, weak institutions and immature democratic structures at both national and local levels. This study reveals that major issues currently facing tourism development in Mongolia are mainly due to the inherited management structures and previous poorly developed infrastructure. A lack of understanding of the importance of broader involvement of local communities in decision making processes have resulted in the management structures and planning for tourism taking place at the national level only. Consequently, local communities are very much excluded from tourism planning processes. The study also indicates that poor co-ordination within and between various governmental agencies involved in tourism and the private sector is a result of the absence of the nominated management structures. At this stage, to attain established tourism development objectives at both macro and micro levels the management structures for tourism need to be broadened and human resources developed. In the meantime, it remains the central government's responsibility to provide regional and local governments with necessary resources both expertise and funding.... [Show full abstract]
KeywordsMongolia; tourism; policy making; public management structures; tourism legislation; Harhorin; tourism development; public tourism policy; economic benefits
Access RightsDigital thesis can be viewed by current staff and students of Lincoln University only. Print copy available for reading in Lincoln University Library. May be available through inter-library loan.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Warren, Julie A. N. (Lincoln College, University of Canterbury, 1985)Present tourism development strategies in New Zealand reflect the confidence of Government and private enterprise in the industry's capacity to contribute to the nation's economic growth. Fieldwork in Geraldine, Akaroa and ...
O'Fallon, Carolyn E. (Lincoln University, 1994)Very few meta-theoretical frameworks have been applied to the field of tourism studies despite the vast amount of literature produced. In this thesis a public choice theoretical framework is applied to tourism to evaluate ...
Enhancing financial and economic yield in tourism: business support programme for small and medium enterprises: existing initiatives and delivery mechanisms Wason, Karen M.; Sleeman, R.; Simmons, David G. (Lincoln University. Tourism Recreation Research and Education Centre.Lincoln, Canterbury, 2007-11)This report has been prepared as part of the ‘Enhancing Financial and Economic Yield in Tourism’ programme of research funded by The Ministry of Tourism and the Tourism Industry Association. It brings together what we have ...