An approach to the management of tourism in the Antarctic
For centuries the Antarctic has held a special attraction for people. With the help of modern technology the area became more easily accessible, and commercial Antarctic tourism started during the late 1950s. Thirty years later it appears that a considerable change of scale of that tourism, and its operations is about to happen. The Antarctic, which is managed by the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties, consider the Treaty Area a Special Conservation Area. A set of general guidelines and specific recommendations have been developed to regulate tourism. The question arises whether the present tourist regulations will be adequate to safeguard the Antarctic environment in the face of increasing economic interest. This report describes the geophysical, climatic and biological features of the Antarctic and gives a brief history of Antarctic tourism. It then gives an account of potential tourist developments and their possible environmental impacts. The investigation of conservation measures and the tourist recommendations of the Antarctic Treaty System, together with an analysis of implementing mechanisms for those regulations, reveal implementation and enforcement problems and point to the lack of a set of institutional arrangements for the international management of future Antarctic tourism. Some theoretical aspects of international public-policy-formulation are discussed and then considered in the light of existing arrangements. It is suggested that, with maximum input from all other interested parties, the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties should negotiate a Convention for the Regulation of Antarctic Tourism. A set of institutional arrangements for the international management of Antarctic tourism is developed to facilitate an adaptive policy process for optimal protection of the Antarctic environment.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordstourism; tourism management; Antarctic tourism; tourism development; environmental impact; Antarctic environment
Fields of Research140216 Tourism Economics; 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment; 150603 Tourism Management
Access RightsDigital thesis can be viewed by current staff and students of Lincoln University only. Print copy available for reading in Lincoln University Library.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Wilson, Jude; Riley, Steve (Tourism Industry Association (TIA) and Lincoln University., 2011)The Tourism Industry Association of New Zealand’s (TIA) annual State of the Sector 2011 has been prepared in partnership with Lincoln University. The objective of this is to understand better how the tourism sector sees ...
Enhancing financial and economic yield in tourism: sector performance and business benchmarks report Moriarty, John (Lincoln University. Tourism Recreation Research and Education Centre., 2007-11)Establishing the economic contribution of visitor activities to national or local gross domestic product (GDP) has been the primary use of Tourism Satellite Accounts (TSA). Visitor consumption is distributed throughout ...
Lincoln University. Tourism Recreation Research and Education Centre; New Zealand. Ministry of Tourism; Tourism Industry Association New Zealand; Tourism New Zealand (Lincoln University. Tourism Recreation Research and Education Centre., 2007-11)In recent years, ‘yield’ has become a central issue in tourism development with many operators and policy analysts now seeking ‘high yield’ tourism. Attempts to maximise yield have sometimes focussed on maximising volume ...