The implications of present tourism development strategies in New Zealand : presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in the Centre for Resource Management, University of Canterbury and Lincoln College
Present tourism development strategies in New Zealand reflect the confidence of Government and private enterprise in the industry's capacity to contribute to the nation's economic growth. Fieldwork in Geraldine, Akaroa and Stewart Island was motivated by a concern for the social impacts of projected tourism growth upon small communities. However, an issues-oriented approach to social impact assessment revealed that communities are more concerned with the obstacles to, rather than the social impacts of, local tourism development. Tourism development continues in traditional tourist destinations to their apparent detriment. Development theories concerned with dominance/dependence relations in the world capitalist system provide an analytic framework to help explain patterns of tourism development in New Zealand. Effects of these patterns of development include socio-cultural and economic impacts in areas experiencing rapid growth; uneven allocation of tourism resources; inequitable distribution of costs and benefits, and under-employment of New Zealand's range of scenic and cultural attractions. This analysis has found that more information is required to assess the social desirability of present tourism development strategies. Alternative tourism strategies may be developed as a consequence. Assessment of the relative social desirability of development options, however, requires some concept of social welfare. Social welfare can be defined only by those whose welfare is being considered. Therefore, this analysis concludes that a participatory approach to tourism evaluation is necessary.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordstourism development; tourism economics; tourism impacts; social impact assessment; public participation; economic impacts; tourism trends; New Zealand; tourism evaluation
Access RightsDigital thesis can be viewed by current staff and students of Lincoln University only. Print copy available for reading in Lincoln University Library.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Wilson, Jude; Riley, Steve (Tourism Industry Association (TIA) and Lincoln University., 2011)The Tourism Industry Association of New Zealand’s (TIA) annual State of the Sector 2011 has been prepared in partnership with Lincoln University. The objective of this is to understand better how the tourism sector sees ...
Enhancing financial and economic yield in tourism: sector performance and business benchmarks report Moriarty, John (Lincoln University. Tourism Recreation Research and Education Centre., 2007-11)Establishing the economic contribution of visitor activities to national or local gross domestic product (GDP) has been the primary use of Tourism Satellite Accounts (TSA). Visitor consumption is distributed throughout ...
Lincoln University. Tourism Recreation Research and Education Centre; New Zealand. Ministry of Tourism; Tourism Industry Association New Zealand; Tourism New Zealand (Lincoln University. Tourism Recreation Research and Education Centre., 2007-11)In recent years, ‘yield’ has become a central issue in tourism development with many operators and policy analysts now seeking ‘high yield’ tourism. Attempts to maximise yield have sometimes focussed on maximising volume ...