|dc.contributor.author||Bingham, S. A.||
|dc.description.abstract||The objective of this study was to establish a theory able to explain the reasons for the formation of horizontal associations in primary product industries. It
was felt that such work would help to understand why such formations often request government intervention to
establish statutory marketing boards.
Such insights would
be of use in assessing whether government intervention is
truly necessary and what benefits may accrue to the
industry as a whole from such a move.
The transaction cost theory, where it is hypothesised
that individuals aim to minimise their combined
transaction costs and agency costs, was considered the
most promising of the alternative theories. In light of
this two groups of hypotheses were proposed. Firstly, it
was proposed that many demographic details of each individual's production unit would affect that individual's costs and therefore their willingness to join
the organisation. Secondly, it was considered that
producer organisations existed to undertake certain
activities on behalf of each individual producer.
Therefore, an individual's willingness to be part of that
organisation was expected to be related to their
perception of the manner in which these activities were
being performed and therefore the decreased costs they
would be likely to obtain.
To undertake the analysis the New Zealand goat fibre
industry was used. This is a young industry comprising of
three organisations MOPANZ, CAPRONZ and the
Mohair/Cashmere Warehouse. The demographic information
felt to be most likely to affect an individual's support
of each particular organisation was outlined for this
Such information included the reasons each individual
bred goats, the level of off-farm income the
received and the proportion of each goat
(cashmere, mohair or cashgora) produced. An individual's
perception of the activities undertaken by any of the
organisations in which that individual is eligible to
participate was also obtained. For both MOPANZ and
CAPRONZ the activities undertaken are largely information.
For the Mohair/Cashmere Warehouse mainly selling
activities and marketing to the overseas clients were
expected to be carried out.
The aim was to analyse this information against each
individual's willingness to pay the cost of joining each organisation. If the transaction cost theory does
effectively explain why individuals choose to join an
organisation it is expected that each individual's
willingness to pay to join each organisation will be
affected by their demographics along with their perception
of the activities undertaken.
The results of this analysis suggest that the
transaction cost theory may prove useful in understanding
why producer organisations form and consequently why
government intervention is often requested. For the few
unexpected results arising an explanation is offered.
In Section 8 conclusions of the study are provided and the limitations of the study are outlined, along with suggested directions for future research. It is concluded that government intervention is often sought to minimise transaction and agency costs to the producer organisation.
As this is likely to result in increased
costs to each individual producer and inflexibility in the
channel, overall efficiency will be decreased. For this reason it is suggested that government intervention should
not take place.||en
|dc.publisher||Lincoln College, University of Canterbury||en
|dc.subject||goat fibre industry||en
|dc.title||Transaction cost theory and the establishment of statutory marketing boards for the primary sector : an application to the New Zealand goat fibre industry||en
|thesis.degree.grantor||University of Canterbury||en
|thesis.degree.name||Master of Commerce (Agricultural)||en
|lu.thesis.supervisor||Zwart, A. C.||
|lu.contributor.unit||Department of Business Management, Law and Marketing||en
|dc.rights.accessRights||Digital thesis can be viewed by current staff and students of Lincoln University only. Print copy available for reading in Lincoln University Library. ||en
|dc.subject.anzsrc||140201 Agricultural Economics||en