Optimum structure of feed forward neural networks by SOM clustering of neuron activations
Neural Networks have the capability to approximate nonlinear functions to a high degree of accuracy owing to its nonlinear processing in the hidden layer neurons. However, the optimum network structure that is required for solving a particular problem is still an active area of research. In this paper, a new method based on the correlation of the weighted activation of the hidden neurons combined with the Self Organisation Feature Maps is presented for obtaining the optimum network structure efficiently. In an extensive search for internal consistency of hidden neuron activation patterns in a network, it was found that the weighted hidden neuron activations feeding the output neuron(s) displayed remarkably consistent patterns. Specifically, redundant hidden neurons exhibit weighted activation patterns that are highly correlated. Therefore, the paper proposes identifying hidden neurons with weighted activation patterns that are highly correlated and using one neuron to represent a group of correlated neurons. The paper proposes to automate this process in two steps: 1) Map the correlated weighted hidden neuron activation patterns onto a self organising map; and 2) Form clusters of SOM neurons themselves to find the maximum likely number of clusters of correlated activity patterns. The likely number of clusters on the map indicates the required number of hidden neurons to model the data. The paper highlights the approach using an example and demonstrates its application to solving two problems including a realistic problem of predicting river flows in a catchment in New Zealand.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordsfeed forward networks; hidden neuron activation; correlated activation; clustering; self organising maps (SOM)
TypeConference Contribution - Published (Conference Paper)
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