Epidemiological studies of enhanced brain/CNS cancer incidence and mortality from EMR and EMF exposures
A very large number of epidemiological studies relate EMF and EMR exposures to Brain/CNS Cancers and a large laboratory set of studies show that the EMF fields and EMR damage DNA. Taken together, they give robust support for the hypothesis that oscillating Electromagnetic Fields and Radiation are a Ubiquitous Universal Genotoxic Carcinogen. Brain Cancer is shown to be elevated in over 400 exposed groups with over 50 dose-response relationships. Both residential studies and occupational studies show elevated, significantly raised and dose-response increased Brain/CNS Cancer rates from EMF/EMR chronic exposures. The evidence is substantially higher than the classical causal linkage. The EMF/EMR fields have been introduced into homes, schools, buildings, factories and along streets, covering more and more of the areas in the developed world over the past century. Over the 20th century these fields have contributed a major proportion of the increase in cancer, by a factor of 50 to 80% of the 6- to 7-fold total increase, because of the unique ubiquitous nature of exposures to the EM fields and the RF/MW radiation. There is robust evidence of the oscillating electromagnetic spectrum from ELF to RF/MW being Genotoxic and Carcinogenic. Therefore this generates the Ubiquitous Genotoxic Carcinogen Effect (UGCE) which results from the absence of a nonexposed control group. The UGCE has been almost universally ignored in published epidemiological studies even though together they support and confirm the hypothesis. The UGCE, along with the Healthy Worker Effect, mean that the epidemiological cancer Odd Ratios (OR) and Relative Risks (RR) are grossly under-estimated because of the lack of a non-exposed control group. The genotoxic nature of these fields is so strong that exposed parents pass cancer, including Brain Cancer, on to their children. This review shows that there is strong and robust evidence that chronic exposures to ELF/RF/MW fields across the spectrum, through strength, consistency, biological plausibility and many dose-response relationships, cause increased rates of Brain/CNS Cancer from residential and occupational exposures. There is no safe threshold because of the genotoxic nature of the biological mechanism.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordsbrain cancer; carcinogen; genotoxicity; Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR); Electromagnetic Frequency (EMF)
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