Heart rate variability in responders and non-responders to live-moderate, train-low altitude training
Hamlin, Michael J.; Manimmanakorn, Apiwan; Sandercock, G.; Ross, Jennifer J.; Creasy, R.; Hellemans, J.
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of an altitude training camp on heart rate variability and performance in elite triathletes. Ten athletes completed 20 days of live-high, train-low training at 1650m. Athletes underwent pre and post 800m swim time trials at sea-level and two heart rate variability tests at 1650m on the first and last day of the training camp. Based on their time trial results, athletes were divided into responders and non-responders. Relative to the non-responders, the responders sympathetic-toparasympathetic ratio decreased substantially after 20 days of altitude training (-0.68 ± 1.08 and -1.2 ± 0.96, mean ± 90% confidence interval for supine and standing respectively). In addition, sympathetic activity while standing was also substantially lower post-altitude in the responders compared to the non-responders (-1869 ± 4764 ms²). Results indicate that responders demonstrated a change to more vagal predominance compared to non-responders.... [Show full abstract]