ItemData sharing for development planning - A case study : The case of Fiji Land Information Systems : A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Applied Science (International Rural Development) at Lincoln University(Lincoln University, 1996) Kamil, Abdi MusseDevelopment policy making is a major concern for all development policy formulators worldwide. The achievement of national development goals such as improvement of standards of living, employment and the protection of the natural environment depend on effective national policies which in turn require objective policy analysis based on accurate data. Consequently, there is a growing demand for systematic organization of basic data for better resource policy planning. The literature of development planning suggests that the availability, storage, classification schemes, and dissemination arrangements of basic data in developing countries has been inadequate to support effective development policy analysis and project evaluation. The widespread diffusion of computers in the developing world, means that there now exists an array of opportunities capable of automating and integrating traditional manual systems. These advances are potential mechanisms which can provide a systematic organization and distribution of basic data to assist objective analysis and the subsequent follow up measures to evaluate development policy interventions. A case study research strategy is employed to critically examine the implications of the adoption of Land Information Systems (LIS) technology in Fiji for development policy planning. Identification of data requirement is used as a basis to formulate a view of how best FLIS data can be applied to development planning. Data requirements of government agencies involved in the planning and implementation of development projects are examined. These focus on issues ranging from access requirements, access facilities, data standards and classification schemes, inter - agency coordination and human resource development. The introduction of LIS technology in Fiji raised questions central to inter - agency data sharing that are imperative to policy analysis and development policy making. These issues include, among others, proper collection, systematic organization and classification, and dissemination of basic data from key data holders to end-users. A very useful outcome of this work is the information resource index which identifies who the key holders of basic data are, format and nature of data, indicative uses, indicative users, and the stage of project cycle where such data may be required. The study suggests a range of technical requirements and identifies obstacles to inter - agency data sharing and the benefits that accrue after the introduction of LIS technology. ItemCanterbury game industry action plan 2022(2022) Loverich, B; Rapp, C; Caldwell, L; Pavletich, C; Westropp, P; Clark, A; Beattie, L; Cook, S; Todd, J; Shephard, I; Seymour, D; Nuthall, R; Dyason, David; Barrer, T; Lukosch, HThis report reviews the video game and interactive media industry landscape, and is intended for game studios, local and international investors in the games industry, regional policy makers, central government, local government agencies, Christchurch City Council, and sector stakeholders. ItemExploring CBD retail performance, recovery and resilience of a smart city following COVID-19(MDPI, 2023-05) Fieger, P; Prayag, G; Dyason, David; Rice, J; Hall, CMThe city of Christchurch, New Zealand, incurred significant damage due to a series of earthquakes in 2010 and 2011. The city had, by the late 2010s, regained economic and social normalcy after a sustained period of rebuilding and economic recovery. Through the concerted rebuilding effort, a modern central business district (CBD) with redesigned infrastructure and amenities was developed. The Christchurch rebuild was underpinned by a commitment of urban planners to an open and connected city, including the use of innovative technologies to gather, use and share data. As was the case elsewhere, the COVID-19 pandemic brought about significant disruptions to social and economic life in Christchurch. Border closures, lockdowns, trading limitations and other restrictions on movement led to changes in traditional consumer behaviors and affected the retail sector’s resilience. In this study, we used CBD pedestrian traffic data gathered from various locations to predict changes in retail spending and identify recovery implications through the lens of retail resilience. We found that the COVID-19 pandemic and its related lockdowns have driven a substantive change in the behavioral patterns of city users. The implications for resilient retail, sustainable policy and further research are explored. ItemRegional spillover of housing (un)affordability: An empirical study on the residential housing markets for first-time buyers in the U.K(Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group, 2023-06-06) Lo, D; McCord, M; Squires, GrahamThis study examines the lead–lag relationships between the levels of housing affordability of different regions of the U.K. By utilizing government data, a number of housing affordability indicators are constructed to explore whether spatial diffusion exists between different regional submarkets of first-time homebuyers over the period of 2000 – 2021. The results reveal that during periods of economic expansion, housing unaffordability tended to diffuse from regions of slower economic growth to regions of higher economic development. It is further evident that in the aftermath of the GFC, the London housing market Granger-caused other regional markets in terms of housing (un)affordability. Lastly, the U.K’.s decision to leave the EU in 2016 seems to have led to more divergence between the submarket regions, which in a Granger causal sense, have become less causally correlated in terms of pricing. We conjecture that the causal interactions between the different regional housing submarkets exist with the lead–lag relationships governed primarily by their underlying macroeconomic fundamentals. ItemNo cow? Understanding US consumer preferences for plant-based over regular milk-based products(Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), 2023-07) Rombach, Meike; Lucock, Xiaomeng; Dean, DavidDairy products such as cheese, butter, and yoghurt are popular staples in American households; however, alternative plant-based products are gaining increasing popularity. An online survey was conducted to investigate the factors that determine US consumers’ preferences for plant-based and regular milk-based products before and since the occurrence of food price inflation. The study used descriptive statistics and partial least square structural equation modelling for the analysis. The accessibility of plant-based substitutes, the perceived impact of food price inflation and associated consumer behaviour, engagement with food-related activities, and environmental concerns were important factors in both scenarios. Recommendations to marketers on how to target different consumer groups are offered.