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dc.contributor.authorWard, Jonet C.en
dc.contributor.authorHughey, Kenneth F. D.en
dc.contributor.authorUrlich, Stephen C.en
dc.date.accessioned2008-05-15T04:08:20Z
dc.date.issued2002en
dc.identifier.citationWard, J., Hughey, K., & Urlich, S. (2002). A framework for managing the biophysical effects of tourism on the natural environment in New Zealand. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10(3), 239-259.en
dc.identifier.issn0966-9582en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10182/480
dc.description.abstractTourists in New Zealand often impact on the natural environments that are the very reason for their visits. It is, therefore, necessary to manage those natural environments to help ensure that tourism is an environmentally sustainable activity. To assist that management process, it is helpful to establish an overarching classification framework so that consistent guidelines and environmental performance standards can be applied. This paper describes a framework for management of the biophysical impacts of tourism using a natural environment classification of the assets visited by tourists. 'Best available information' is then used to develop indicators of environmental change and associated guidelines for management at a range of levels. As a minimum, broad guidelines can be developed for the upper levels of each component of the classification. More detailed and site-specific guidelines are available in some circumstances, where appropriate research has been undertaken. Ongoing evaluation of the combination of indicators and guidelines establishes if the natural attraction is being sustainably managed. The system has been applied to 'scenic icons', wildlife attractions and caves on the West Coast of the South Island.en
dc.format.extent239-259en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherChannel View Publicationsen
dc.relationThe original publication is available from - Channel View Publicationsen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2002 J. Ward et al.en
dc.subjecttourismen
dc.subjectenvironmental impacten
dc.subjectsustainabilityen
dc.subjectclassification frameworken
dc.subjectenvironmental performance standardsen
dc.subjectWestlanden
dc.subjectscenic icon sitesen
dc.subjectSport, Leisure & Tourismen
dc.titleA framework for managing the biophysical effects of tourism on the natural environment in New Zealanden
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.subject.marsdenFields of Research::300000 Agricultural, Veterinary and Environmental Sciences::300800 Environmental Science::300801 Environmental management and rehabilitationen
dc.subject.marsdenFields of Research::350000 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services::350500 Tourismen
lu.contributor.unitLincoln Universityen
lu.contributor.unitFaculty of Environment, Society and Designen
lu.contributor.unitDepartment of Environmental Managementen
lu.contributor.unitResearch Management Officeen
lu.contributor.unit/LU/Research Management Office/2018 PBRF Staff groupen
dc.subject.anzsrc1506 Tourismen
dc.relation.isPartOfJournal of Sustainable Tourismen
pubs.issue3en
pubs.organisational-group/LU
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Faculty of Environment, Society and Design
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Faculty of Environment, Society and Design/DEM
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office/2018 PBRF Staff group
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
pubs.volume10en
lu.identifier.orcid0000-0002-1659-5331
lu.identifier.orcid0000-0002-3880-8502


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