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dc.contributor.authorAllen, Warwicken
dc.contributor.authorHelps, F.en
dc.contributor.authorMolles, Lauraen
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-05T21:12:00Z
dc.date.issued2011en
dc.identifier.citationAllen, W. J., Helps, F. W., & Molles, L. E. (2011). Factors affecting breeding success of the Flea Bay white-flippered penguin (Eudyptula minor albosignata) colony. New Zealand Journal of Ecology, 35(3), 199-208.en
dc.identifier.issn0110-6465en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10182/5016
dc.description.abstractThe little blue penguin (Eudyptula minor) is in decline throughout much of its range in New Zealand and Australia, largely due to introduced predators, human disturbance and roadkill mortalities. The whiteflippered penguin is a unique morphological variant of the blue penguin, which is traditionally given subspecific status (Eudyptula minor albosignata), and is found only on Banks Peninsula and Motunau Island in Canterbury, New Zealand. We monitored a varying number of nest boxes from 1996 to 2009. Overall breeding success was 64% over 13 years of monitoring, with a hatching success rate of 75% and a fledging success rate of 85%. We used a set of generalised linear mixed models and model selection to examine the relative influence of various explanatory variables on hatching, fledging and overall breeding success. Breeding success in nest boxes significantly increased with shorter average pair bond length, longer guard period and later relative lay date. Guard period length was the best predictor of breeding success, followed by relative lay date and average pair bond length. Hatching success also increased with later relative lay date but fledging success was not influenced by any of the explanatory variables measured.en
dc.format.extent199-208en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherNew Zealand Ecological Society.en
dc.relationThe original publication is available from - New Zealand Ecological Society. - http://hdl.handle.net/10182/5016en
dc.rightsCopyright © New Zealand Ecological Societyen
dc.subjectBanks Peninsulaen
dc.subjectblue penguinen
dc.subjectEudyptula minoren
dc.subjectguard perioden
dc.subjectlay dateen
dc.subjectaverage pair bond lengthen
dc.subjectEcologyen
dc.titleFactors affecting breeding success of the Flea Bay white-flippered penguin (Eudyptula minor albosignata) colonyen
dc.typeJournal Article
lu.contributor.unitLincoln Universityen
lu.contributor.unitFaculty of Agriculture and Life Sciencesen
lu.contributor.unitDepartment of Pest Management and Conservationen
lu.contributor.unitBio-Protection Research Centreen
lu.contributor.uniten
lu.contributor.uniten
dc.subject.anzsrc0602 Ecologyen
dc.relation.isPartOfNew Zealand Journal of Ecologyen
pubs.issue3en
pubs.organisational-group/LU
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Agriculture and Life Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Agriculture and Life Sciences/ECOL
pubs.organisational-group/LU/BPRC
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office/2018 PBRF Staff group
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
pubs.publisher-urlhttp://hdl.handle.net/10182/5016en
pubs.volume35en
lu.identifier.orcid0000-0002-1859-1668
lu.identifier.orcid0000-0002-7198-2334


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