Effects of calcium chloride, zinc chloride and water infusion on metmyoglobbin reducing activity and fresh lamb colour
Bekhit, A.; Alayan, Mohammadatta; Morton, James D.; Vanhanen, Leo P.; Sedcole, John R.; Bickerstaffe, Roy
Calcium chloride (CaCl ), zinc chloride (ZnCl ), or water infusions were used to investigate the biochemical factors that affect fresh lamb color, and to examine the role of metmyoglobin-reducing activity in regulating this important quality attribute. Immediately after exsanguination, lamb carcasses (n = 6 per treatment) were infused (10% of BW) with 0.3 M CaCl , 0.05 M ZnCl , or water via a catheter inserted into the left carotid artery. The right LM was excised at 24-h postmortem and divided into two halves. The caudal portion was cut into 2.5-cm-thick chops and displayed for 6 d under 1,076 1x of white fluorescent lighting at 2°C, whereas the cranial half was vacuum-packaged and stored at 2°C for 3 wk before retail display. Objective color measurements and samples for biochemical analysis were taken at 0, 1, 3, and 6 d of display. In infused carcasses, pH decline was more rapid (P < 0.05) than in untreated controls, and it was greatest for CaCl -infused carcasses. Calcium chloride-infused carcasses had lower (P < 0.01) NAD and higher (P < 0.001) NADPH concentrations than water- and ZnCl -infused or untreated control carcasses. The negative effects of calcium infusion on fresh lamb color, higher (P < 0.01) metmyoglobin accumulation rate, and lower (P < 0.01) L*, a*, and b* color measurements could be explained by the lower amounts of unbound water (P < 0.01), shorter sarcomere length (P < 0.01), lower NAD concentration (P < 0.01), and higher lipid peroxidation (P < 0.01). Zinc and water-infusions produced less (P < 0.01) lipid oxidation and improved the color and color stability of fresh lamb (P < 0.001). Rate of lipid oxidation in LM chops was greater (P < 0.01) after 3 wk of vacuum-packaged storage than 24-h postmortem. Metmyoglobin-reducing activities (sarcoplasmic and myofibrillar) were decreased in response to infusion treatments (P < 0.001), and ZnCl infusion resulted in the lowest metmyoglobin-reducing activities (P < 0.001). A significant association between the myofibrillar metmyoglobin-reducing activity and lipid peroxidation was observed, but metmyoglobin-reducing activities were not associated with any improvement in lamb color. Strategies to increase the antioxidant levels in lamb are very important to improve lamb quality, especially during vacuum-packaging storage. ©2005 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved. 2 2 2 2 2 2 2... [Show full abstract]
Keywordscalcium chloride; color; infusion; lamb; metmyoglobin-reducing activity; Dairy & Animal Science; Sarcomeres; Muscle, Skeletal; Animals; Sheep; Chlorides; Iron; Water; Zinc Compounds; NAD; NADP; Metmyoglobin; Pigmentation; Random Allocation; Oxidation-Reduction; Lipid Peroxidation; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Time Factors; Meat
Copyright © 2005 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.