Lucerne establishment sequences to maximise weed control in ex-Pinus radiata L. plantations
Lucerne sown immediately or after different forage crop sequences was investigated as a pasture option for post forestry conversion. In this experiment superphosphate and lime were applied in March 2005 before final seedbed preparation and establishment of seven cropping sequences; 1) lucerne sown in April 2005; 2-5) greenfeed cereals (oats or triticale) sown in April 2005 followed by lucerne in October 2005 with or without a rape cover crop; 6-7) winter fallow followed by glyphosate presowing in October 2005 or March 2006. After all crop sequences, lucerne was successfully established and provided 100% control of woody and annual weeds. Average lucerne dry matter (DM) yield was ~7.1 t DM/ha/yr for crops after a cereal. The last crop established also contained no woody weeds but produced 10.0 t DM/ha less over the 2 years due to the long (12 month) fallow. Lucerne sown in April 2005 had to be reestablished the following October. Thus, provided soil temperatures were adequate, lucerne was successfully spring and autumn sown after plantation forests. Lucerne offers flexibility for grazing or conserving in commercial conversions where internal fences and stock water supply are often, initially, inadequate for intensive pasture management.... [Show full abstract]
KeywordsAvena sativa L; Brassica napus L.; forestry conversion; lucerne; Medicago sativa L.; oats; rape; Trifolium repens L.; triticale; white clover
TypeConference Contribution - Published (Conference Paper)
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