Pre-adolescent cardio-metabolic associations and correlates: PACMAC methodology and study protocol
Castro, N.; Faulkner, J.; Skidmore, P.; Williams, M.; Lambrick, D. M.; Signal, L.; Thunders, M.; Muller, D.; Lark, S.; Hamlin, Michael J.; Lane, A. M.; Kingi, T. K.; Stoner, L.
Although cardiovascular disease is typically associated with middle or old age, the atherosclerotic process often initiates early in childhood. The process of atherosclerosis appears to be occurring at an increasing rate, even in pre-adolescents, and has been linked to the childhood obesity epidemic. This study will investigate the relationships between obesity, lifestyle behaviours and cardiometabolic health in prepubescent children aged 8–10 years, and investigates whether there are differences in the correlates of cardiometabolic health between Māori and Caucasian children. Details of the methodological aspects of recruitment, inclusion/exclusion criteria, assessments, statistical analyses, dissemination of findings and anticipated impact are described.... [Show full abstract]