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dc.contributor.authorNori, Hollenaen
dc.contributor.authorMonks, D.en
dc.contributor.authorMoot, Derrick J.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-16T01:48:21Z
dc.date.issued2015en
dc.identifier.citationNori, H., Monks, D.P., & Moot, D.J. (2015). Seed development of arrowleaf, balansa, gland and Persian clover. Journal of New Zealand Grasslands, 77, 195-202.en
dc.identifier.issn2463-2872en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10182/7230
dc.description.abstractThe development process from floral bud formation to seed maturity of four top flowering annual clovers was quantified from a field experiment across 10 sowing dates at Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand. For each species, a numeric reproductive scale was created as a field guide to document morphological changes as the bud progresses through reproductive development. The duration from bud visible to open flower was 341 °C days for ‘Cefalu’ arrowleaf, 215 °C days for ‘Bolta’ balansa, 196 °C days for ‘Prima’ gland and 186 °C days for ‘Mihi’ Persian clover. The inflorescence then required a further 274-689 °C days, 185 °C days , 256 °C days and 425 °C days for each respective species to reach physiological maturity. This was indicated when 50% of seeds had turned red/brown for ‘Cefalu’ arrowleaf, 100% pods turned yellow for ‘Bolta’ balansa, 100% of seeds were yellow and hard for ‘Prima’ gland, and pods turned brown with the first sign of colour change in seeds for ‘Mihi’ Persian clover. These results can be used to facilitate on farm decision making in relation to grazing management or seed set for subsequent regeneration.en
dc.format.extent195-202en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherNew Zealand Grassland Associationen
dc.relationThe original publication is available from - New Zealand Grassland Association - http://grassland.org.nz/publications/nzgrassland_publication_2738.pdfen
dc.rights© Copyright NZ Grassland Association Inc. 2011. All rights reserved.en
dc.subjectfloral development charten
dc.subjectharvest maturityen
dc.subjectpeak floweringen
dc.subjectpollinationen
dc.subjectseed fillingen
dc.subjectthermal timeen
dc.subjectTrifolium vesiculosumen
dc.subjectTrifolium michelianumen
dc.subjectTrifolium glanduliferumen
dc.subjectTrifolium resupinatumen
dc.titleSeed development of arrowleaf, balansa, gland and Persian cloveren
dc.typeJournal Article
lu.contributor.unitLincoln Universityen
lu.contributor.unitFaculty of Agriculture and Life Sciencesen
lu.contributor.unitDepartment of Agricultural Sciencesen
dc.subject.anzsrc0703 Crop and Pasture Productionen
dc.subject.anzsrc070303 Crop and Pasture Biochemistry and Physiologyen
dc.subject.anzsrc0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Managementen
dc.relation.isPartOfJournal of New Zealand Grasslandsen
pubs.organisational-group/LU
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Agriculture and Life Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Agriculture and Life Sciences/AGSC
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office/PE20
pubs.organisational-group/LU/Research Management Office/QE18
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
pubs.publisher-urlhttp://grassland.org.nz/publications/nzgrassland_publication_2738.pdfen
pubs.volume77en
dc.identifier.eissn2463-2880en
lu.identifier.orcid0000-0002-5691-4915


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