Climate change: seed production and options for adaptation
Food security depends on seed security and the international seed industry must be able to continue to deliver the quantities of quality seed required for this purpose. Abiotic stress resulting from climate change, particularly elevated temperature and water stress, will reduce seed yield and quality. Options for the seed industry to adapt to climate change include moving sites for seed production, changing sowing date, and the development of cultivars with traits which allow them to adapt to climate change conditions. However, the ability of seed growers to make these changes is directly linked to the seed system. In the formal seed system operating in developed countries, implementation will be reasonably straight forward. In the informal system operating in developing countries, the current seed production challenges including supply failing to meet demand and poor seed quality will increase with changing climates.... [Show full abstract]
Keywordsabiotic stress; adaptation; agriculture; climate change; seed production; seed quality; seed systems
Fields of Research0703 Crop and Pasture Production; 070302 Agronomy; 040104 Climate Change Processes; 050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change; 0701 Agriculture, Land and Farm Management
© 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).